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March 24, 2009     The Ortonville Independent
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March 24, 2009

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Dairy cows typically produce milk for about 305 days followed by a 60- day dry period during which the cow prepares to give birth again, signaling the beginning of the next lactation. Developing and implementing a suc- cessful dry cow nutrition program should be a high priority for dairy pro- ducers. Offering cows the best opportunity for a smooth and successful transition into lactation is critical to cow health, longevity and farm profitability. Despite many years of research, nutri- tionists, dairy producers and veteri- narians are still trying to clearly define optimal diets for dry cows. Overfeeding energy during the dry period leads to increased deposition of visceral fat, insulin insensitivity, and a potential reductidn in metabolic machinery associated with glucose production and fat metabolism. Overfeeding of energy during the dry period has been associated with ener- gy disorders such as ketosis and fatty liver. Research conducted at the University of Illinois and elsewhere has demonstrated that feeding moder- ate energy, high-forage diets to dry cows can ease the transition into lac- tation Forages provide the foundation for a successful dry cow diet; however, limited research has compared forage sources for dry cows. Forages that are considered candidates to be included in dry cow diets should be moderate in energy density, palatable, consis- tent quality, and have an appropriate mineral profile. One challenge for nutritionists is to formulate diets using on-farm ingredi- ents that do not greatly exceed the energy requirements of the dry cow. Forages fed to lactating cows are often too high in energy, starch, and contain excessive minerals (potassi- um) for dry cow diets. Forages that are high in potassium should be used in limited quantities to minimize the risk for milk fever. There is likely no single perfect forage for dry cows. Corn silage is a common low-cost ingredient that is highly palatable, has moderate crude protein content, and is low in calcium and potassium, however by itself is too high in net energy of lactation and starch and has a low fill factor. Cows consuming a high corn silage diet will likely over consume energy, become obese, and may be at risk for metabol- ic disorders postpartum. , Lower energy forages such as wheat straw, 'grass hay, sorghum silage, corn stalks, and earless tropical corn may be useful for diluting the energy density of the diet to meet but not greatly exceed energy require- ments for dry cows Cows consuming a high-forage diet containing approxi- mately 50 percent NDF (neutral deter- gent fiber) will fill up before they over consume energy. Challenges exist with processing bulky forages appropriately to prevent cows from sorting them. Forages must be processed to less than 2 inches in length and incorporated into a total mixed ration to ensure that cows will consume them. Diets that are readily sortable will result in the cow con- suming a diet that is different from the one that is intended and may con- tribute to metabolic disorders. In addi- tion to diluting energy density, bulky forages such as wheat straw, may also have advantages in improving muscu- lar tone in the rumen, maintaining feeding behavior and rumination pat- terns that parallel feeding behavior during lactation. Research comparing dry cow diets based on wheat straw or orchard grass is currently being conducted at the University of Minnesota's Dairy Teaching and Research Center in St. Paul. m ," By:Jim Paulson, University of Minnesota Extension With the big drop in milk price since mid-2008, profitability is going to be a challenge in 2009. With feed costs representing 40-50 percent of the costs of producing milk, now is a good time to revisit your feed costs. A simple form can help you com- pute feed cost per cow per day. It's available on our dairy extension web site at Click on "dairy management," then "nutrition" and look for "Feed Cost Calculator." It's a free downloadable spreadsheet. Once feed cost per head per day has been determined, we can calculate daily milk income and income over feed cost. or IOFC. We expect to see the IOFC in a'range of $5 to $7 per cow per day. Additionally, we still have to account for the feed costs of dry cows and heifers. This makes the margin shrink even more. Where will IOFC be for you in 2009? What is your strategy for deal- ing with the lower milk price in 2009? One of the first things we usually look at is purchased feeds. Is there any- thing we can cut out? If so, why have we been feeding it in the first place? Most likely, it is there for a reason. Maybe some of the ingredients were used for a specific feeding prob- lem that has now changed. But reduc- ing feed cost will not necessarily 'increase IOFC if it reduces milk pro- duction. The lowest cost ration may not necessarily be the most profitable. What can you do to either reduce costs, increase milk production or both? Here are some things to consid- er: Always strive for maximizing dry matter intake. One more mouthful may mean another pound of milk. This means fresh, palatable feeds, feed pushed up often so they can reach it, no sorting, mangers cleaned daily, cool comfortable cows, and the list goes on. Watch days in milk. Really work at getting cows pregnant. Our target for days in milk is 150. Late lactation cows just don't milk as much. With margins squeezed, we may want to cut vet checks and breeding programs, but that can come back to haunt us. Concentrate on feeding high quali- ty forages. That may start with your cropping plans. What is your cost for corn silage and haylage? Should you look at a different forage mix? Work with your nutritionist as you consider different options. Look at all other costs and pur- chases in addition to feed. Are there other costs that are out of line? He has many plans available and is licensed in Minnesota and South Dakota. Stop in and Tom today! (conveniently located on Main Street) 40 NW 2nd Street Ortonville, MN 320-839-2118 or 800-630-4978 Tom Oakes, agent Scott Bohlman Scott Bohlman, age 49 of Correll passed away Tuesday, March 17, 2009 at Innovis HealthCare Center in Fargo, ND. Funeral service were 2 p.m. on Saturday, March 21, 2009 at Grace Lutheran Church in Correll, with Rev. Benjamin Pollock officiating: Burial was at the Appleton Cemetery. Scott Bohlman, son of Dale and Bernice (Behrens) Bohlman was born Feb. 12, 1960 in Appleton. He grew up on his parent's hobby farm in Correll. He was baptized and confirmed at Grace Lutheran Church Roberta Mae Cox where he was a life long member. Scott attended school in Correll and graduated from Appleton High School. Scott was united in marriage to Jami Henrichs on Oct. 1, 1994, and to this union two sons were born, Jordan and Braden. Jami grew up in Clinton and Ortonville. He was employed by Milwaukee Railroad and later drove truck for Tosel Trucking before owning and operating Bohlman Trucking. Scott and Jami also owned Hilltop Video in Ortonville from 1996 to 1999. Scott enjoyed riding horse, going to trail rides, fishing, traveling, camping, hobby farming and checking on his cattle and horses with his sons. What he loved most in life was his family and spending time with them. He is survived by his wife, Jami of Correll; sons Jordan and Braden; sisters Pam (Arlo) Perseke of Appleton and Robin (Dennis) Smith of Holloway; mother-in-law Molly (Earl) Lundin of Ortonville; sister=in- law Robin (Jerry) Bergeron of Glencoe, brother-in-law Steve (Val) Henrichs of Ortonville; niece Jessica Henrichs; nephews Jake Henrichs, Nathan (Becca) Smith, Gregory (Kayla) Smith, Eric Smith and Blake Reikow. He is preceded in death by his parents; three sisters Wendy and Kim Bohlman, and Karla Reikow; one brother Dirk Bohlman. Larson Funeral Home in Ortonville, MN is in charge of arrangements. To send.condolences to the family, on-line, visit our website at Roberta Mac (Myers) Cox passed ' peacefully in her home on March 18, 2009 at the age of 72. Roberta's faith was evident in all aspects of her life especially throughout her battle with ALS (Lou Gehrig's disease). Roberta said, "Jesus has always been my strength." She is survived by husband Richard, six children Bruce Jenna, Andie, Dylan,'Jaida, and Elias. She was preceded in death by her parents Edna and Cecil Myers and her brother Ronald Myers. Roberta was born on July 7, 1936 in Murdo, SD. She earned a nursing degree at Dakota Wesleyan University in Mitchell, SD. Roberta married Richard Cox in 1961. They resided in St. Paul, White Bear Lake, Ortonville, Arlington and retired to Osage in 1995. Roberta will be fondly remembered for all of the love and support she gave to her children and grandchildren. Roberta had a special (Connie), Brian, Robert (Becky), passion for helping people through her David, Kathleen, Daniel (Keli). involvement in the Grace Community Seven grandchildren Brady, Payton, Church of Osage, Osage Lions, St. Donald Hynnek Joseph's Area Hospice, and Living at Home. Roberta loved reading, walking, birds, wild flowers, gardefiing and playing piano. In lieu of flowers, the family encourages support of the ALS Association. Memorial services were held at 11 a.m. on Saturday, March 21, 2009 at Grace Community Church in Osage with Reverend Bill Ullom officiating. Honorary pallbearers were Joann Christlieb, Brenda Gillette, Barb Southward, Pam Niemi, Sue Monsrud, Elily Holmer, and Ellie Schluter. Interment will be made at Riverside Cemetery in Osage. Funeral Services for Donald Hynnek were held at 10:30 a.m. on Saturday, March 21, 2009 at St. John's Catholic Church in Ortonville. Father Robert Goblirsch officiated: Urn bearer were Roger Hynnek. Honorary Urn bearers were Tom Hynnek, Bill "Butch" Hynnek, Steve Butze, Jim Carlson, Mike Bender, and Tim Janecke. Burial will be at Mound Cemetery at a later date. Donald 'Francis Hynnek was born on April 1, 1955 in Ortonville to parents Donald and Florence Robert Wondra " (Carlson) Hynnek. Donald was baptized and confirmed at St. John's Catholic Church in Ortonville. Donald attended school in Ortonville, graduating in the year of 1973. After graduation, Donald attended the University of Minnesota, Morris Campus, for four years, graduating with a Bachelor's Degree in Biology. After graduation, Donald taught school in both Watertown, SD and Alexandria. Donald had a tremendous love of the outdoors. He ,was an avid hunter and fisherman, Donald enjoyed all forms of wildlife. Donald also spent a great deal of time hiking, something he also had a strong passion for. He hiked through mountains, and also places such as Yellowstone National Park and Glacier National Park. Donald loved visiting the Boundary Waters and Lake Vermillion where he would camp, fish, and canoe. Donald died on Wednesday, March 18, 2009 at Ortonville Area Health Services in Ortonville, having lived to reach the age of 53 years. Donald is survived by two sisters: Linda (John) Sovell of Ortonville, and Gail Maxwell of Ortonville; four nieces and nephews; special friend Paula Reisdorph of Ortonville; and, other extended family and numerous friends. Donald is preceded in death by his parents, Donald and Florence. Larson Funeral Home in Ortonville was in charge of arrangements. To send condolences to the family on- line, visit our website at Graveside services for Robert Wondra of Ortonville were held Friday, March 20, 2009 in Honey Creek, IA at the Grange Cemetery. Robert "Bob" Wondra, the son of Alvin and Pauline (Walker) Wondra, was born June 13, 1941, in Beatrice, NE. When Bob was two years old, his family moved to Baltimore, MD where they lived until 1947 when they moved to Council Bluffs, IA. They resided in Iowa until Bob's senior year when they returned to Baltimore where he graduated from high school in 1959. Bob joined the United States Air Force and served his country from 1959 - 1963. He was united in marriage to Marcia Sanders on Sept. 2, 1965 in Omaha, NE. Bob was employed at Campbell Soup as an electrical worker; he then worked for a short while at a TV repair shop. For the next 23 years, Bob worked as a Supervisor of Maintenance at Control Data. In 1991, Bob and Marcia moved to Ortonville where Bob continued to work in maintenance for the C-Store, and in 1995, moving into the agronomy department. Bob enjoyed fishing, bowling, with his wife, camping, riding motorcycle. He had a love for music and most of all his family. He was a neat freak about everything, especially his cars. He had a talent for writing poems, mostly humorous poems, given to his wife or family. He loved having fun around the campfire playing his ukulele and singing. Bob enjoyed life and had many friends who he cared for and who cared about him. Bob belonged to the Eagles while living in Iowa and was a Moose Lodge member in Ortonville. Bob passed away March 16, 2009 at the Ortonville Area Health Services in Ortonville, having lived to reach the age of 67 years. He is survived by his daughters, Marlise (Rob) Gronholz of Ortonville, Monica Root of Kansas City, MO; six grandchildren, Amanda Root, Molli Wilson, Melissa Jolliff, Abby Jolliff, Michael Jolliff, Savanna Hobbs, Hillori Gronholz, Rhaelee Gronholz; four great-grandchildren; mother, Pauline Bomer of AR; brother, Kenneth (Carolyn) Wondra of Bella Vista, AR; and sister Linda Buckheit. He was preceded in death by his father, Alvin; and wife, Marcia. John "Jack" Aggen The memorial se.rvice for John "'Jack" Aggen, 77, Aberdeen, was held at 11 a.m Saturday, March 21, 2009 at Spitzer-Miller Funeral Home. 1111 S. Main Stl with Pastor D amaska officiating. Inurnment was at Riverside Cemetery. John died Wednesday, March 18, at ManorCare Health Services. John Aggen was born on March 6, 1932, at Aberdeen, SD to Arno and Ernestine (Redman) Aggen. This is the area where he grew up and attended school. John married Shirley Schmidt in 1953. In 1954, John became the first track champion at Tacoma Park. He moved to Los Angeles, CA in 1956, where he did construction work and held various jobs. John moved back to Aberdeen and drove truck for several years. He married Donna Bucholz in 1972. John was a member of the Masonic Lodge and Scottish Rites. He was an avid honter and fisherman. Grateful for having shared John's life are his son, Jerrold Aggen, Aberdeen; daughter, Jacqueline Leigh, Denver, CO; step-son, Joe Bucholz, Minneapolis; sister, Margorie Beckel, Aberdeen; grandchildren, Eden, Millissa, Amber, Eric; great grandchildren, Tony, Lucky, Ashley, Adon, Trista; and several aieces and nephews. He was preceded in death by his parents. Family would like to extend their thanks to Dr. Skjefte, Dr. Hart, and the staff at ManorCare. By: Marcia Endres, University of Minnesota Education This year I have spent many days at dairies in Minnesota and South Dakota collecting data for an observa- tional study on dairy housing and well-being. I have noticed the wide differences among the operations we are working with for the project. In some dairies, cows run away from us, whereas in others, the opposite is the case. Treatment of cows by the workers in the parlor and holding area also varies widely. Farm animals are often subjected to aversive handling, which can result in them becoming fearful of humans. Fear of people can reduce animal well-being and possibly milk produc- tion, and increase the risk of injury to both animals and handlers. Studies conducted in Australia by Hemsworth's group indicated that 20 percent of the variation in milk pro- duction among dairies was due to cow handling. Where restlessness was high, productivity was low. Restlessness, which they measured by the number of flinch, step and kick responses, indicates stress. If animals become fearful of humans due to inadequate handling, they may experience acute or even chronic stress in the presence of humans. Negative behaviors by han- dlers include hits, slaps, tail twist, shouting, and fast speed of move- ment; positive behaviors include stroking, rubbing, hand resting on the animals back or flank, and slow and deliberate movement and talking. ,When handling cattle, it is impor- tant to understand that cows interpret sights and sounds in a different way than humans. Cows have poor depth perception and cannot focus quickly on close objects. Cows usually lower their heads to look at something because their vertical vision is only' about 60 degrees (compared to 140, degrees in humans). They will also walk slowly in unfamiliar environments. Cows should be given enough time to move and walk at their own pace without being rushed. Cows can hear well and don't like high, screeching sounds. Hitting or yelling (and loud swearing) can create a lot of fear and Stress. Cows feel safer in a crowd, so they can be nervous when alone. Slow and quiet are two basic rules for working with cows. Avoid situa- tions that can create fear in cows, and use every opportunity for positive human contact, starting at a young age.-By following these rules, the job will be done faster with less stress to the cows. We should all be known for "loving" our animals and that includes treating them with care and respect. Tuesday, March 24, .2009 IN[IEPENDENT Page 7 L~I