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May 4, 1922     The Ortonville Independent
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PAGE 6 THE ORTONVILLE INDEPENDENT THURSDAY, Majority Control Is Business Safeguard Recognition of "State Rights" Would Allow Re-election of Men Proven Undesirable Over Wishes of Majority, Says Mehl. That the first national convention of the U. S. Grain Growers, Inc., was controlled by the delegates, in con- formity with the by-laws, rather than by "steam-roller" tactics which vio- lated membership rights is the conclu- sion reached in an analysis by J. M. Mehl, assistant to the President of the U. S. Grain Growers, Inc. Mr. Mehl, was on the staff of the U. S. Depart- ment of Agriculture as a specialist on co-operative organization at the time the U. S. Grain Growers, Inc., was being formulated by the "Commi,tee of Seventeen" and represented the fed- eral department on the committee, act- ing in an advisory capacity. He has followed the development dlosely and ?perhaps is as free from bias ha his views as any one who knows the facts . could be. "One of the principal causes of failure among co-operative organiza- tions is that of dissention growing .out of jealousies on the part of either loaders or factions," says Mr. Mehl. "Therefore, a most important feature of any organization plan is the set- ting up of safeguards against factors and influences that offer opportunity for cladaing of personal views and of class or sectional prejudices. "Without attempting to discuss the merits of the controversy which took place at the U. S. Grain Growers&apos; Convention, the membership and far- mers generally are entitled to know whether this was due to an inherent defect in the plan of the Grain Grow- ors and whether or not jealousies and dissenions are adequately safeguard- ed therein. "Ther is no question but that, un- der the plan of the Grain Growers, the delegates controlling the majority of voting memberships can elect any man or set of men to the Board of Directors that they wish. It is quite possible under the by-taws and under the rules which governed the Annual Convention that twenty-one m e n could be elected as directors, every one of them from one state or from a single county within a state and without regard to representation from other states. On first thought, there appears to be an element of unfair- ness in such a situation. On the other hand, we must examine whether or not in the natural order of things such a situation is likely to occur. It did not occur at the First Annual Conven- tion. It is not charged that certain sections were not adequately represen- ted but rather that particular d" tricts or states were not alloweci tv elect particular persons to represer, them on the national board. This might be valid criticism if the pla: recognized state lines, which it does not. "Before declarin the plan fault 6n that score we must consider what the results btfld-be if each disVAc or each state were permitted to elect men on the board to represent that particular district or state against the objections and vote of a dozen other states. It would be possible for a di- lector on the board to entir2eglect consideration of the best in'rYe of grain grower members in the 6rgan :, ition as a whole add yet so eater to the mernhers of his own state that they would insist upon his re-election. Would such a situation be conductive to harmony and would it be a safe- guard against, or would it tend to en- courage di, ssention and jealousy? "This very fundamental and basic question in considering organization plans was not overlooked by the Com- mittee of Seventeen; indeed, very careful atention and consideration was. given to it. There was never any disagreement on the point that in na- tional grain marketing organization state lines would have to be elimina- ted. In the first place, the gain busi- ness does, nbt separate along state lines. It does not even consistently separate into zones, since the move- ment of grain may shift fim one anrket to several other markets with- in a single season. Because it was the logical thing to do, and because the Committee of Seventeen foresaw the possibility of state jealousy, it was decided to group the membership into local units surrounding shpping points and into congressional districts, eliminating entirely consideration of state units. It was not, therefore, an oversight that the'delegates voting the majority membership should have a roice in the election of each and ev- ery man on the Board of Directors. This was the clear intent and purpose of the men who drafted the plan and the by-laws. At the same time there was seen the wisdom of suggsting the proposal of candidates in such a way as to make sectional representation a natural result. Hence, the reason for the languageqn section 1 of article 3 of the by-laws: "The Board of DireCtors may pro- vide for the nominaion of dlvectors by districts on an equitable basis." This allows the election proper to' be controlled by the delegates and not by the mnner of nominatiom Under laat section of the by-laws, if it were interpreted" to mean that the conven- tion in electing d|veetors should elect as well as nminate by dtstriet some for 00ple, could hav00l placed five men on the be atilt  , all o. I otlr ditriats, at the same  t l}eJ delates "frdm that dtsWle t Woululdl ! have little, ff any, voice in the elec-I tion of 16 other directors. "A clear distinction must be drawn between a method of election and con- trol that might be desirable in a po- litical organization and one which :/cuhl be desirable in a business or- ganization, especially in a National :o-operative marketing organization ,vhere such mtters as state rights, sectional interests and class repre- sentation must be kept as far as pos- sible in the background. The instan( .hat these are allowed to assert them- selves, that instant the gate is wide open for failure. "In the light of these facts, and if majority rule is correct in principles, there is no inherent defect in this fea cure of the plan, and the controversial nature of the first annual convention is not ascribable to any weakness in the plan of the Committee of Seven- :een. While it is undoubtedly tmae that both majority and minority groups were more or less organized to control the convention, there is no need for attributing results to "steam roller" tactics. After all is said and done the majority did control and it wonld take a strange process of rea- soning to reach the conclusion that the plan is faulty because it made im- possible minority control. Grand Opera Over the Wireless. It was Carlyle, I think, who called music the speech of the angels. One would like to consider that grim old Scotchman's amazement if he could sit at his ease in an American farm- house today and listen to the sub- lime strains of grand opera coming .in over the wireless telephone. What magic can seem wonderful after the radiophone! For a hundred dollars or so you can buy a little machine that will bring you market reports, news bulletins, crop estinmtes from the may Edison call it the most wonder- ful scientific fact of the period. It is so new that the world scarcely within a comparatively short time the radio service promises to be as common as the automobile or the phonograph in the rural home.-Farm Life. This seems to be a year of rum run- ningism, and rebellion. NOTICE TO TRACTOR OWNERS. The Town Board of Otrey Town- ship, Big Stone Courty, will receive bids from Tractor owners for the pull- ing of an 8-foot road grader for grad- ing roads by the hour, this will re- quire no less than 20 h. p. on the draw bar. Bids will be received unl 2:00 o'clock p. m. Saturday, May 6, 1922. All bids must be sealed and sent to the Town Clerk before said time. The Board reserves the right to reject any or all bids.--Nels Pearson, town clerk of Otrey Township, Ortonville, M]nn, "outs 3. 49-3 i' LEGAL NOTICES OTICE TO APPLICANTS FOR LO- CAL WEED INSPECTOR. Notice to the Public:Seated bids will be received at the office of the County Auditor of Big Stone County, Minnesota, until 10 o'clock a. in. on ay 16, 1922, for Local Weed Inspec- tors as per Section 8, Chapter 320, General Laws of 1921. Please submit bids for both per diem and mileage. Dated this 3rd day of May, 1922. {Signed) A. V. RANDALL, County Auditor, Big Stone County, Minn. (First Pub. May 4 2w) Order for Hearing on Petition for Set= tlement of Account and on Petition for Discharge of Executor or Ad- miistratrix. STATE OF MINNESOTA, County of Big Stone. In Probate Court. In the matter of the estate of Edward Odden, deceased. On receiving and filing the petition of Josephine Odden representing, among other things, that she is the ad- ministratrix of the estate of the above named decedent, anti that she has fully administered said estate and filed her final account thereof; and praying that a time and place be fixed for hearing said petition, the examination and al- lowance of said account, and the mak- ing and filing of the final decree of distribution of said estate; and that a further time and place be fixed for the hearing of said petition for the discharge of said administratrix; to- gether with the sureties on her bond. It is ordered, that said petition for the examination and allowance of said final account and the filing of the final decree in said matter be heard at the Probate Court Office in the Court House at the City of Ortonville, in said County of Big Stone, on Monday, the 22nd day of May A. D. 1922 at t0 o'clock in the forenoon of said day. It is further ordered that said peti- tion for the discharge of said admin- istratrix, together with the sureties on her bond be heard at the Probate Court office at the Court House, in the City of Ortonville, in said Courty of Big Stone, on Monday the 22nd day of May A. D. 1922 at 10 o'clock in the forenoon of said day; at which time and place said admirdstratrix of said estate will be allowed to make ,roof that she has complied with said final decree and with all the orders of ehis Court in said matter, and all s interested will be heal for and against said discharge of said ad- ministratrix and the sureties on her bond. It is further ordered, that notice hereof be given to all parties interest, ed by Imblishing this order, once in each week, for three successive weeks prior to said day above specified for the examination of said final account, in the Ortonville Independent, a week- lynewspaper, printed and published at the city of Ortonville in said Coun- ty and stt Dated April 25 A. D. 922. By the Court. (Court Seal) R: ]].HUDSON, Judge of Probat TAX JUDGMENT SALF Pursuant to Real Estate Tax Judg- ment of the District Court, of the County of Big Stone, State of Minne- sota, entered the 25tb day of March, A. D., 1922 m proce,=dings for enforc- ing payment of Taxes and Penalties Olson. Decedent. upon Real Estate in the County ofl Esaie of Hokan Olson. Big Stone, State of Minnesota, remain-] Letters of ac'aninistration this day ins delinquent on the first Monday in having been granted to Oscar Olson; January, 1922 and the Statutes in such au,I it appearing by the affidavit of case made and provided I shall, on said representative that there are lm the second Monday, being the 8TH debts of said decedent: DAY OF MAY, A. D. 1922. at ten I It is ordered, that the time within o'clock in the forenoon, at my officel which all creditors of the above named in the Court Itouse in the City of Or-ldecetlent may presenv claims against tnville, and County of Big Stone,[his estate in this Court, be, ami the Minnesota, sell the lands which arc] stone hereby is, limited to three v.m,,,, with Taxes, Penalties and[months from and after the date here- Costs in said Judgment, and on which I of; and that Monday the 31st day of Taxes shall not have been previouslyfluly 1922. at 10 o'clock a. m., in" the paid. Probate Court Rooms at the Court Dated at Ortonville, Minn., this 19th House at the city of Ortonville, in said day of April A. D. 1922. County, be, and the same hereby is, (Seal) A.V. RANDALL, fixed and appointed as the time and Auditor of Big Stone place for hearing upon and the ex- County, Minnesota. amination, adjustment and allowance (First Pub. April 20 3w) of such claims as shall be presented - within the time aforesaid. NOTICE OF MORTGAGE FOR- Let notice hereof be given by the CLOSURE SALE. publication of this order in the Orton- Default has been made in the condi- ville Independent as provided by law. t-ions of a certain mortgage made by Maud A. Conrad, spinster, mortgagor to J. N. Fream, mortgagee, dated the 10th day of Decen, ber, 1918, conveying and mortgaging the real estate of mortgaged premises situated in the County of Big Stone and state of Min- nesota, described as follows, towit: Government lots two (2) and three (3), in Section twenty-one {21), in Township one hundred and twenty- one (121) of range forty-six (46), con- taining all 55.20 acres of Government survey; and with the power of sale therein contained duly recorded on the llth day of December at 9 o'clock . m.. in Book 44 of Mortgages at page 520 thereof in the office of the legister of Deeds in and for said County; and it is stipulated in said mortgage that if default is made by said grantor in the payment of any of the said mortgaged debt, principal or interest when the same became due, it shall be lawful for the holder of said mortgage to declare the whole sum secured thereby to be due; and the said mortgagor failed to pay the interest on said mortgage which fell due on the 10th day of December, 1921; and that by reason of said default the said mortgagee has declared the whole sum of money, principal and interest secured by said mortgag due ad nayable: and there is claim- ed to be due at the date of this notice the sum of three thousand two hun- dred ninety-three and 67-100 ($3,293.- 67) dollars; and no action or proceed- ings has been instituted to recover the debt remaining secured by said morr gage or any part thereof. Now there- fore notice is hereby given that said mortgage will be foreclosed by the sale of said mortgaged premises pur- suant to the statute at public vendue by the" Sheriff of said County to the highest bidder for cash on Saturday, the 3rd day of June, at 9 o'clock in the forenoon of that day at the front door of the courthouse in the city of Ortonville in said county to satisfy the amount due on said mortgage to- gether with seventy-five dollars ($75. 00) attorney's fees as stipulated i said mortgage to be paid in case of foreclosure, and the disbursements allowed by law. Dated this 24th day of April, 1922. J. N. FREAM, Mortgagee, LLOYD G. MEYER, Attorney for Mortgagee, Montevideo, Minn. {Fist Pub. Apr. 27 6w) NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS. Order Limiting Time to File Claims MINNESOTA HORTICULTURIST Within Three Months, and PUTS OUT GARDEN NUMBER for Hearing Thereon ........... STATE OF MINNESOTA. County of Rather strange as it may seem to Big Sone as. In Probate Corot. so,:,. hc July cr garden-making hum- In the matter of the estate of Hokan ber of the Minnesota Horticulturist. R. S. M'tekintosh editor, was issued and circulated in April. This was done. says Mr. Mackintos , to sti;nu- !ate gardening on farms and back lots. The July number consists of 30 pa;es or more all crammed with condensed information for growing vegetables. Dated April 29, 1922. (Seal) R.B. HUDSON, Judge of Probate. (First Pub. May 4 3w) Citation for Hearing On Petition For Administration. STATE OF MINNESOTA, County of Big Stone---ss. In Probate Court. In the matter of the estate of Igna- tious A. Foell, decedent. The State of Minnesota to Maud Foell, Danford T. Foell, and Catherine Foell, heirs at law of said deceased and to all persons interested in the estate of said decedent: The petition of Maud Foell having been filed in this court, representing that Ignatious A. Foell, then a resident of the County of Big Stone, State of Minnesota, died testate on the 7th day of April, 1922, leaving an estate in the County of Big Stone described as follows, to-wit: Personal property consisting of house- hold goods and farm machinery, the whole value thereof not exceeding the sum of $650.00; and the petitioner praying for a final decree of distribu- tion assigning the property of said estate to the persons thereunto en- titled; and the Court having fixed the time and place for hearing said peti- tion. Therefore, you, and each of you, are hereby cited and required to show cause, if any you have; before this court at the Probate Court Rooms in the Court House, in the City of Orton- ville, in the County of Big Stone, State of Minnesota, on the 15th day of May, 1922, at 10:O0 o'clock a. m., why said petition should not be granted. Witness, the Judge of said Court, and the Seal of said Court this 19th day of April, 1922. (Court Seal) R.B. HUDSON, W. C. PREUS Judge of Probate. Attorney for Petitioner. NOTICE OF MORTGAGE FORECLOSURE SALE. Whereas. default has neen made in the terms and conditions of a certain mortgage beartn date the 12th day of July, 1919, made, executed and delivered by Andrew D. O'Brien and May O'Brien, his wife. of the County of Big Stone and state of Minnesota. as mort- gagore, to the Mvhana :Trust nd Sl Bank, a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the State of Minnesota. and having its place of business in Saint Paul. Minnesota. as mortgagee, to secure the pay- ment of the sum of Five Thousand and no- 100 Dollars ($5.000) and interest thereon at the rac of six per cent (6 per cent) per an- num. according to the terms and conditions of a certain promissory note made and exe- cuted by said Andrew D. O'Brien and May O'Brien. his wife. to said Merchants Trust and Savings Bank. and i said mortgage fully described, which said mortgage was duly filed for record in the office of the Register of Deeds in and for the County of Big Stone and Sealed proposals will be received by State of Minnesota on the 21st day of July, 1919, at 10:00 o'clock a. m., and was duly the County of Big Stone at the office recorded in said office in Book 53 of Mort- of the County Auditor, Ortonville, gages, on Page 355. and Whe'eas, said mortgagors have failed and Minnesota, until 10 o'clock a. m., on refused to pay the instalment in the sum May 16, 1922, for the construction of the following road jobs: Job No. 2201--State Road No. 6. Length 4 miles (north of Correll) in- cluding the following approximate quantities: (a) Grading: Excavation, 22,000 C. Y.; Overhaul, 10,000 C. Y.; Monolithic Culvert, l10x8x24; 1--4x4x24; Port- able Culverts, 240'-12" (b) Graveling: 4 miles, 4,000 C. Y. Job No. 2202--State Road No. 8-- Length 1 mile {north of Johnson) Ap- proximate quantities: (a) Grading: Excavation, 3,950 C. Y.; Overhaul, 4,400 C. Y.; Portable Culverts, 84'-12", 35'-15". (b) Graveling: 1 mile, 1,000 C. Y. Job No. 2203State Road No. 4.- Length 3.84 miles (east of Ortonvflle) Approximate quantities: (a) Qrading: Excavation, 17,800 C. Y.; Overhaul, 9,540 C. Y,; Portable Culverts,220'-12"; 226'-15"; 45'-18"; 70'.24." (b) Graveling: 4,000 C. Y. Job No. 2204.State Road No. 2. (west of Clinton). Graveling, 4 Mi., 4,0OO C. Y. Job No. 2205.--State Road No. 3. (northeast from Graceville) 2 miles. (a) Grading: Excavation, 4,500 C. Y.; Overhaul, 7,500 C. Y.; Portable Culverts, 200'-12". (b) Graveling: 2,000 C. Y. Job No. 2206.State Road No. 2. (outh from Beardsley) Graveling, 32 miles, 3,500 C. Y. Separate bids should be submitted for grading and graveling on the re- spective jobs. Plans and specica- tions may be examined at the office of the County Auditor, Ortonville, Minn., or at the office of the Highway Deparent, St. Paul. Bids must be accompanied by a certified cheek or bidder's bond payable to the County Treasurer, for at least 5 per cent of the amount of the proposal. The right is reserved to reject any or all bids and to waive any defects. A. V. RANDALL, County Auditor, Ortonvilie, Minn. (First Pub. April 20 3w) Little drops of water, That we used to think Were simply made for chaers, Are now the whole darn drink, of Fifteen Hundred Dollars ($1,500) which became due and payable on said note on the first day of March, 1921, save the sum of Five Hu dred Dollars ($500.00) was paid to ap- ply thereon: and have also failed and refused to pay the instalment in the sum of Fifteen Hundred Dollars ($1,500) which became due and payable on said note on the first of March. 1922; and have also failed and refused to pay the instalment of interest in the sum of Two Hundred Seventy Dollars {$270.00) which became due and payable on said note in said mortgage described on the said first day of March, 1922. and said Merehmts Trust and Savings Bank. pursuant to the provisions of said note and mortgage, has elected, and does hereby elect, to declare all sums evidenced by said note, together with all accrued interest to be due and payable, and there is claimed to be due and is due on said mortgage at the date of this notice the sum of Four Thou- sand Five Hundred Dollars ($4.500) and int- erest thereon at the rate of six per cent (6 per cent) per annum from the first day of March. 1921. which interest at the date of this notice amounts to Two Hundred Eighty- eight Dollars ($288.00) and aide the sum of Seventy-five Dollars ($75.00) attorney's fees, as provided for in said mortgage, and no action or proceeding has been instituted at law or in equity to recover the debt scoured by said mortgage, or any part thereof, save that a claim has been flied in the Probate Court of Big Stone County, Minnesota. against the es- tate of Andrew D. O'Brien. ]eoeased, on ac- count of said note. but that no part of said claim has been paid and by the .erms of its proof of claim said mortgagee axpres$1y served all its rights under said mortgage. Now. therefore, notice is hereby given that un- der and by virtue of the power of sale contained in said mortgage, and pursuant to the statute in sueh ease made and provided, the said moztgage will be foreclosed by the sale of the mortgaged premises at public auctio by the sheriff of said County of Big Stone to the highest bidder therefor for eas on Tuesday. the 16th day of May. 12. at l0 o'clock in the forenoon, at the front door of the Court House in the City of Ortonvi|le in the County of Big Stone and State of MinnesOta, to atis- fy the amount which will then and there be due on said mortgage for principal and inter- est. together with the costs and charges of sale. the taxes, if any. on said premises and said Seventy-five Dollars ($75.00) for attorney's fees, said mortgagl premlsee so to be sold lying and being in the County of Eig Stone and State of Minnesota and more partleular. ly described as fellows, to-wit: .... East Half of Southwest Quarter- t ox SW). Southwest Quarter of Northwest Quar- ter (SW of lffW4). Lot, Thr (S) and Four (4) of Seion For (4) South Half of North Half (S of N1), Lots One (I), Two (2) and Five (S) o(etion l.yo ($, Eu.t Half of Northwest Quarter (mf ot W)o Lots One (1). Two (2) and hr (3) of Section Nine (9), and that part of the South- west Quarter of Southwt Quarter SWt of SWK) Section Nta (9)lying .north of the railroad right of wey, aa of the xoreomg being in Township One Hundred Twenty.four (124) North. Range Forty-seven (47).Went, according to the Government survey - nereo, together with and Including all land of the maandered lake bed in said sections, township and range, which is alurtennt and belongs to the several lots above derlbed aimtting thereon, all of the above described and shove mentioned lands eontatnin '172 acre, more or less. aeoordln to the United State| Gov- ernment Survey thereof. Dated March 2th. 1922. MERCHANTS TRUST AND SAVIC BANK, Mort4rsgee. WALTER E. KUNZE. Attorar" for dd Mortgagee, Care Merchants Trust end Savings Bank, Saint ]'aul. M|nneSota. (First Pub. Mar. 80 Sw) A pemist argues that every sil- ver lining has a cloud, World's Lowest Priced FULLY EQUIPPED Automobile *525 17e "People's Car See it Core it Try it as Our G 1 Wm. Cummens Ortonville, Minnesota House Cleaning Time Is Here Send us your RUGS, DRAP- ERIES, CURTAINS, ETC. We use the Famous French Shampoo process in cleaning rugs. No beating, to destroy fabric, no gasoline, no chem- icals, to harm the rugs in any way. PRICES-- 9x12 .................. $3.00 8xl0 .................. $2.50 Other rugs priced accordingly 0RTONVILLE Dry 1eanin00 Co. QUALITY FIRST THEN SERVICE i THE RAZOR THAT SHARPENS ITS OWN BLADES ,100 [] TI Biggest Razor Valm ever Offrl to th, Public Model 0 Valet AutoStrop Razor Outfit consists of a highly polished, nlekel plated, self-stropping razor, three genuine Valet AutoStrop blmde md one selected strop. Razor and blades are contained in an attractive metal case. All contained in a lithographed carton --complete for $1.00. MODEL C Valet Aut0Strop Razor ORTONVILLE Hardware Co. , , ,| 1 ,, MEET ME AT The West Hotel MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. Everybody seems to be there Good Service*--Low Rates Splendid Cafe In Connection t Professional and Business Ortonviile Electric EVERYTIIING Phone 49 for prompt and S. A. BARR. Proprietor. DR. CHAS. H. VETERINARIAN Phones--Day 31, Night 51 Clinton BELVA KA TEACHER OF PIANO HARMONY Ortonville @ FOR TRUCK and any kind of light and All Orders Given Prompt [ Hausauer I PHONE 268 DR. F.-W. CHIROPRACTOR D. D. WHITE, D. C., P]L Spinographer 12-13-14-15-16 Shumaker Ortonville Col. Wm. AUCTI0NEER Thirty years' expe%-'tenC. on your property. and get in on a'g date. Ortonville Real Estar ...e, ure and rm Sales A For dates write me at Graduate of Jones Auction J. A. JOHN PIANO TUNING AND PHONES--Res. 194, Furn. Store All Work Guaranteed Ortonville KODAK Prompt, Quality Service, Moderat THE REED DR. R. D. OSTEOPATHIC One Block up hill from Store Vapor-Sulphur Cabinet {For Rheumatism. neuritis, F. L. BROWN THE JEWELER Ortonville C. E. SIGLOH : PHONE 284-L Ortonvllle JOE BAYER & Of the Ortonville Tailoring All kinds of Cleaning and neatly done Suits Made to Order Ortonville ELECTRIC SHOP Shoes repaired neatly and Our Work G. A. POWELL, Prop, JOHN Light Haulhr of all Express and Baggage Telephone 287 PALL Brick Layer and Stee Muon and eli kinds of Ortonville, Minn. PETERSON & DRAY Big Stane Phone 38 l k WILL Edenesd Painter Plume M-L All Work Guaraatd ELMER *'T WELL DI !iftn Yars' Correll, You We Do Let us get will Tfl[ OHOHYILLt PAGE 6 THE ORTONVILLE INDEPENDENT THURSDAY, Majority Control Is Business Safeguard Recognition of "State Rights" Would Allow Re-election of Men Proven Undesirable Over Wishes of Majority, Says Mehl. That the first national convention of the U. S. Grain Growers, Inc., was controlled by the delegates, in con- formity with the by-laws, rather than by "steam-roller" tactics which vio- lated membership rights is the conclu- sion reached in an analysis by J. M. Mehl, assistant to the President of the U. S. Grain Growers, Inc. Mr. Mehl, was on the staff of the U. S. Depart- ment of Agriculture as a specialist on co-operative organization at the time the U. S. Grain Growers, Inc., was being formulated by the "Commi,tee of Seventeen" and represented the fed- eral department on the committee, act- ing in an advisory capacity. He has followed the development dlosely and ?perhaps is as free from bias ha his views as any one who knows the facts . could be. "One of the principal causes of failure among co-operative organiza- tions is that of dissention growing .out of jealousies on the part of either loaders or factions," says Mr. Mehl. "Therefore, a most important feature of any organization plan is the set- ting up of safeguards against factors and influences that offer opportunity for cladaing of personal views and of class or sectional prejudices. "Without attempting to discuss the merits of the controversy which took place at the U. S. Grain Growers' Convention, the membership and far- mers generally are entitled to know whether this was due to an inherent defect in the plan of the Grain Grow- ors and whether or not jealousies and dissenions are adequately safeguard- ed therein. "Ther is no question but that, un- der the plan of the Grain Growers, the delegates controlling the majority of voting memberships can elect any man or set of men to the Board of Directors that they wish. It is quite possible under the by-taws and under the rules which governed the Annual Convention that twenty-one m e n could be elected as directors, every one of them from one state or from a single county within a state and without regard to representation from other states. On first thought, there appears to be an element of unfair- ness in such a situation. On the other hand, we must examine whether or not in the natural order of things such a situation is likely to occur. It did not occur at the First Annual Conven- tion. It is not charged that certain sections were not adequately represen- ted but rather that particular d" tricts or states were not alloweci tv elect particular persons to represer, them on the national board. This might be valid criticism if the pla: recognized state lines, which it does not. "Before declarin the plan fault 6n that score we must consider what the results btfld-be if each disVAc or each state were permitted to elect men on the board to represent that particular district or state against the objections and vote of a dozen other states. It would be possible for a di- lector on the board to entir2eglect consideration of the best in'rYe of grain grower members in the 6rgan :, ition as a whole add yet so eater to the mernhers of his own state that they would insist upon his re-election. Would such a situation be conductive to harmony and would it be a safe- guard against, or would it tend to en- courage di, ssention and jealousy? "This very fundamental and basic question in considering organization plans was not overlooked by the Com- mittee of Seventeen; indeed, very careful atention and consideration was. given to it. There was never any disagreement on the point that in na- tional grain marketing organization state lines would have to be elimina- ted. In the first place, the gain busi- ness does, nbt separate along state lines. It does not even consistently separate into zones, since the move- ment of grain may shift fim one anrket to several other markets with- in a single season. Because it was the logical thing to do, and because the Committee of Seventeen foresaw the possibility of state jealousy, it was decided to group the membership into local units surrounding shpping points and into congressional districts, eliminating entirely consideration of state units. It was not, therefore, an oversight that the'delegates voting the majority membership should have a roice in the election of each and ev- ery man on the Board of Directors. This was the clear intent and purpose of the men who drafted the plan and the by-laws. At the same time there was seen the wisdom of suggsting the proposal of candidates in such a way as to make sectional representation a natural result. Hence, the reason for the languageqn section 1 of article 3 of the by-laws: "The Board of DireCtors may pro- vide for the nominaion of dlvectors by districts on an equitable basis." This allows the election proper to' be controlled by the delegates and not by the mnner of nominatiom Under laat section of the by-laws, if it were interpreted" to mean that the conven- tion in electing d|veetors should elect as well as nminate by dtstriet some for 00ple, could hav00l placed five men on the be atilt  , all o. I otlr ditriats, at the same  t l}eJ delates "frdm that dtsWle t Woululdl ! have little, ff any, voice in the elec-I tion of 16 other directors. "A clear distinction must be drawn between a method of election and con- trol that might be desirable in a po- litical organization and one which :/cuhl be desirable in a business or- ganization, especially in a National :o-operative marketing organization ,vhere such mtters as state rights, sectional interests and class repre- sentation must be kept as far as pos- sible in the background. The instan( .hat these are allowed to assert them- selves, that instant the gate is wide open for failure. "In the light of these facts, and if majority rule is correct in principles, there is no inherent defect in this fea cure of the plan, and the controversial nature of the first annual convention is not ascribable to any weakness in the plan of the Committee of Seven- :een. While it is undoubtedly tmae that both majority and minority groups were more or less organized to control the convention, there is no need for attributing results to "steam roller" tactics. After all is said and done the majority did control and it wonld take a strange process of rea- soning to reach the conclusion that the plan is faulty because it made im- possible minority control. Grand Opera Over the Wireless. It was Carlyle, I think, who called music the speech of the angels. One would like to consider that grim old Scotchman's amazement if he could sit at his ease in an American farm- house today and listen to the sub- lime strains of grand opera coming .in over the wireless telephone. What magic can seem wonderful after the radiophone! For a hundred dollars or so you can buy a little machine that will bring you market reports, news bulletins, crop estinmtes from the may Edison call it the most wonder- ful scientific fact of the period. It is so new that the world scarcely within a comparatively short time the radio service promises to be as common as the automobile or the phonograph in the rural home.-Farm Life. This seems to be a year of rum run- ningism, and rebellion. NOTICE TO TRACTOR OWNERS. The Town Board of Otrey Town- ship, Big Stone Courty, will receive bids from Tractor owners for the pull- ing of an 8-foot road grader for grad- ing roads by the hour, this will re- quire no less than 20 h. p. on the draw bar. Bids will be received unl 2:00 o'clock p. m. Saturday, May 6, 1922. All bids must be sealed and sent to the Town Clerk before said time. The Board reserves the right to reject any or all bids.--Nels Pearson, town clerk of Otrey Township, Ortonville, M]nn, "outs 3. 49-3 i' LEGAL NOTICES OTICE TO APPLICANTS FOR LO- CAL WEED INSPECTOR. Notice to the Public:Seated bids will be received at the office of the County Auditor of Big Stone County, Minnesota, until 10 o'clock a. in. on ay 16, 1922, for Local Weed Inspec- tors as per Section 8, Chapter 320, General Laws of 1921. Please submit bids for both per diem and mileage. Dated this 3rd day of May, 1922. {Signed) A. V. RANDALL, County Auditor, Big Stone County, Minn. (First Pub. May 4 2w) Order for Hearing on Petition for Set= tlement of Account and on Petition for Discharge of Executor or Ad- miistratrix. STATE OF MINNESOTA, County of Big Stone. In Probate Court. In the matter of the estate of Edward Odden, deceased. On receiving and filing the petition of Josephine Odden representing, among other things, that she is the ad- ministratrix of the estate of the above named decedent, anti that she has fully administered said estate and filed her final account thereof; and praying that a time and place be fixed for hearing said petition, the examination and al- lowance of said account, and the mak- ing and filing of the final decree of distribution of said estate; and that a further time and place be fixed for the hearing of said petition for the discharge of said administratrix; to- gether with the sureties on her bond. It is ordered, that said petition for the examination and allowance of said final account and the filing of the final decree in said matter be heard at the Probate Court Office in the Court House at the City of Ortonville, in said County of Big Stone, on Monday, the 22nd day of May A. D. 1922 at t0 o'clock in the forenoon of said day. It is further ordered that said peti- tion for the discharge of said admin- istratrix, together with the sureties on her bond be heard at the Probate Court office at the Court House, in the City of Ortonville, in said Courty of Big Stone, on Monday the 22nd day of May A. D. 1922 at 10 o'clock in the forenoon of said day; at which time and place said admirdstratrix of said estate will be allowed to make ,roof that she has complied with said final decree and with all the orders of ehis Court in said matter, and all s interested will be heal for and against said discharge of said ad- ministratrix and the sureties on her bond. It is further ordered, that notice hereof be given to all parties interest, ed by Imblishing this order, once in each week, for three successive weeks prior to said day above specified for the examination of said final account, in the Ortonville Independent, a week- lynewspaper, printed and published at the city of Ortonville in said Coun- ty and stt Dated April 25 A. D. 922. By the Court. (Court Seal) R: ]].HUDSON, Judge of Probat TAX JUDGMENT SALF Pursuant to Real Estate Tax Judg- ment of the District Court, of the County of Big Stone, State of Minne- sota, entered the 25tb day of March, A. D., 1922 m proce,=dings for enforc- ing payment of Taxes and Penalties Olson. Decedent. upon Real Estate in the County ofl Esaie of Hokan Olson. Big Stone, State of Minnesota, remain-] Letters of ac'aninistration this day ins delinquent on the first Monday in having been granted to Oscar Olson; January, 1922 and the Statutes in such au,I it appearing by the affidavit of case made and provided I shall, on said representative that there are lm the second Monday, being the 8TH debts of said decedent: DAY OF MAY, A. D. 1922. at ten I It is ordered, that the time within o'clock in the forenoon, at my officel which all creditors of the above named in the Court Itouse in the City of Or-ldecetlent may presenv claims against tnville, and County of Big Stone,[his estate in this Court, be, ami the Minnesota, sell the lands which arc] stone hereby is, limited to three v.m,,,, with Taxes, Penalties and[months from and after the date here- Costs in said Judgment, and on which I of; and that Monday the 31st day of Taxes shall not have been previouslyfluly 1922. at 10 o'clock a. m., in" the paid. Probate Court Rooms at the Court Dated at Ortonville, Minn., this 19th House at the city of Ortonville, in said day of April A. D. 1922. County, be, and the same hereby is, (Seal) A.V. RANDALL, fixed and appointed as the time and Auditor of Big Stone place for hearing upon and the ex- County, Minnesota. amination, adjustment and allowance (First Pub. April 20 3w) of such claims as shall be presented - within the time aforesaid. NOTICE OF MORTGAGE FOR- Let notice hereof be given by the CLOSURE SALE. publication of this order in the Orton- Default has been made in the condi- ville Independent as provided by law. t-ions of a certain mortgage made by Maud A. Conrad, spinster, mortgagor to J. N. Fream, mortgagee, dated the 10th day of Decen, ber, 1918, conveying and mortgaging the real estate of mortgaged premises situated in the County of Big Stone and state of Min- nesota, described as follows, towit: Government lots two (2) and three (3), in Section twenty-one {21), in Township one hundred and twenty- one (121) of range forty-six (46), con- taining all 55.20 acres of Government survey; and with the power of sale therein contained duly recorded on the llth day of December at 9 o'clock . m.. in Book 44 of Mortgages at page 520 thereof in the office of the legister of Deeds in and for said County; and it is stipulated in said mortgage that if default is made by said grantor in the payment of any of the said mortgaged debt, principal or interest when the same became due, it shall be lawful for the holder of said mortgage to declare the whole sum secured thereby to be due; and the said mortgagor failed to pay the interest on said mortgage which fell due on the 10th day of December, 1921; and that by reason of said default the said mortgagee has declared the whole sum of money, principal and interest secured by said mortgag due ad nayable: and there is claim- ed to be due at the date of this notice the sum of three thousand two hun- dred ninety-three and 67-100 ($3,293.- 67) dollars; and no action or proceed- ings has been instituted to recover the debt remaining secured by said morr gage or any part thereof. Now there- fore notice is hereby given that said mortgage will be foreclosed by the sale of said mortgaged premises pur- suant to the statute at public vendue by the" Sheriff of said County to the highest bidder for cash on Saturday, the 3rd day of June, at 9 o'clock in the forenoon of that day at the front door of the courthouse in the city of Ortonville in said county to satisfy the amount due on said mortgage to- gether with seventy-five dollars ($75. 00) attorney's fees as stipulated i said mortgage to be paid in case of foreclosure, and the disbursements allowed by law. Dated this 24th day of April, 1922. J. N. FREAM, Mortgagee, LLOYD G. MEYER, Attorney for Mortgagee, Montevideo, Minn. {Fist Pub. Apr. 27 6w) NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS. Order Limiting Time to File Claims MINNESOTA HORTICULTURIST Within Three Months, and PUTS OUT GARDEN NUMBER for Hearing Thereon ........... STATE OF MINNESOTA. County of Rather strange as it may seem to Big Sone as. In Probate Corot. so,:,. hc July cr garden-making hum- In the matter of the estate of Hokan ber of the Minnesota Horticulturist. R. S. M'tekintosh editor, was issued and circulated in April. This was done. says Mr. Mackintos , to sti;nu- !ate gardening on farms and back lots. The July number consists of 30 pa;es or more all crammed with condensed information for growing vegetables. Dated April 29, 1922. (Seal) R.B. HUDSON, Judge of Probate. (First Pub. May 4 3w) Citation for Hearing On Petition For Administration. STATE OF MINNESOTA, County of Big Stone---ss. In Probate Court. In the matter of the estate of Igna- tious A. Foell, decedent. The State of Minnesota to Maud Foell, Danford T. Foell, and Catherine Foell, heirs at law of said deceased and to all persons interested in the estate of said decedent: The petition of Maud Foell having been filed in this court, representing that Ignatious A. Foell, then a resident of the County of Big Stone, State of Minnesota, died testate on the 7th day of April, 1922, leaving an estate in the County of Big Stone described as follows, to-wit: Personal property consisting of house- hold goods and farm machinery, the whole value thereof not exceeding the sum of $650.00; and the petitioner praying for a final decree of distribu- tion assigning the property of said estate to the persons thereunto en- titled; and the Court having fixed the time and place for hearing said peti- tion. Therefore, you, and each of you, are hereby cited and required to show cause, if any you have; before this court at the Probate Court Rooms in the Court House, in the City of Orton- ville, in the County of Big Stone, State of Minnesota, on the 15th day of May, 1922, at 10:O0 o'clock a. m., why said petition should not be granted. Witness, the Judge of said Court, and the Seal of said Court this 19th day of April, 1922. (Court Seal) R.B. HUDSON, W. C. PREUS Judge of Probate. Attorney for Petitioner. NOTICE OF MORTGAGE FORECLOSURE SALE. Whereas. default has neen made in the terms and conditions of a certain mortgage beartn date the 12th day of July, 1919, made, executed and delivered by Andrew D. O'Brien and May O'Brien, his wife. of the County of Big Stone and state of Minnesota. as mort- gagore, to the Mvhana :Trust nd Sl Bank, a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the State of Minnesota. and having its place of business in Saint Paul. Minnesota. as mortgagee, to secure the pay- ment of the sum of Five Thousand and no- 100 Dollars ($5.000) and interest thereon at the rac of six per cent (6 per cent) per an- num. according to the terms and conditions of a certain promissory note made and exe- cuted by said Andrew D. O'Brien and May O'Brien. his wife. to said Merchants Trust and Savings Bank. and i said mortgage fully described, which said mortgage was duly filed for record in the office of the Register of Deeds in and for the County of Big Stone and Sealed proposals will be received by State of Minnesota on the 21st day of July, 1919, at 10:00 o'clock a. m., and was duly the County of Big Stone at the office recorded in said office in Book 53 of Mort- of the County Auditor, Ortonville, gages, on Page 355. and Whe'eas, said mortgagors have failed and Minnesota, until 10 o'clock a. m., on refused to pay the instalment in the sum May 16, 1922, for the construction of the following road jobs: Job No. 2201--State Road No. 6. Length 4 miles (north of Correll) in- cluding the following approximate quantities: (a) Grading: Excavation, 22,000 C. Y.; Overhaul, 10,000 C. Y.; Monolithic Culvert, l10x8x24; 1--4x4x24; Port- able Culverts, 240'-12" (b) Graveling: 4 miles, 4,000 C. Y. Job No. 2202--State Road No. 8-- Length 1 mile {north of Johnson) Ap- proximate quantities: (a) Grading: Excavation, 3,950 C. Y.; Overhaul, 4,400 C. Y.; Portable Culverts, 84'-12", 35'-15". (b) Graveling: 1 mile, 1,000 C. Y. Job No. 2203State Road No. 4.- Length 3.84 miles (east of Ortonvflle) Approximate quantities: (a) Qrading: Excavation, 17,800 C. Y.; Overhaul, 9,540 C. Y,; Portable Culverts,220'-12"; 226'-15"; 45'-18"; 70'.24." (b) Graveling: 4,000 C. Y. Job No. 2204.State Road No. 2. (west of Clinton). Graveling, 4 Mi., 4,0OO C. Y. Job No. 2205.--State Road No. 3. (northeast from Graceville) 2 miles. (a) Grading: Excavation, 4,500 C. Y.; Overhaul, 7,500 C. Y.; Portable Culverts, 200'-12". (b) Graveling: 2,000 C. Y. Job No. 2206.State Road No. 2. (outh from Beardsley) Graveling, 32 miles, 3,500 C. Y. Separate bids should be submitted for grading and graveling on the re- spective jobs. Plans and specica- tions may be examined at the office of the County Auditor, Ortonville, Minn., or at the office of the Highway Deparent, St. Paul. Bids must be accompanied by a certified cheek or bidder's bond payable to the County Treasurer, for at least 5 per cent of the amount of the proposal. The right is reserved to reject any or all bids and to waive any defects. A. V. RANDALL, County Auditor, Ortonvilie, Minn. (First Pub. April 20 3w) Little drops of water, That we used to think Were simply made for chaers, Are now the whole darn drink, of Fifteen Hundred Dollars ($1,500) which became due and payable on said note on the first day of March, 1921, save the sum of Five Hu dred Dollars ($500.00) was paid to ap- ply thereon: and have also failed and refused to pay the instalment in the sum of Fifteen Hundred Dollars ($1,500) which became due and payable on said note on the first of March. 1922; and have also failed and refused to pay the instalment of interest in the sum of Two Hundred Seventy Dollars {$270.00) which became due and payable on said note in said mortgage described on the said first day of March, 1922. and said Merehmts Trust and Savings Bank. pursuant to the provisions of said note and mortgage, has elected, and does hereby elect, to declare all sums evidenced by said note, together with all accrued interest to be due and payable, and there is claimed to be due and is due on said mortgage at the date of this notice the sum of Four Thou- sand Five Hundred Dollars ($4.500) and int- erest thereon at the rate of six per cent (6 per cent) per annum from the first day of March. 1921. which interest at the date of this notice amounts to Two Hundred Eighty- eight Dollars ($288.00) and aide the sum of Seventy-five Dollars ($75.00) attorney's fees, as provided for in said mortgage, and no action or proceeding has been instituted at law or in equity to recover the debt scoured by said mortgage, or any part thereof, save that a claim has been flied in the Probate Court of Big Stone County, Minnesota. against the es- tate of Andrew D. O'Brien. ]eoeased, on ac- count of said note. but that no part of said claim has been paid and by the .erms of its proof of claim said mortgagee axpres$1y served all its rights under said mortgage. Now. therefore, notice is hereby given that un- der and by virtue of the power of sale contained in said mortgage, and pursuant to the statute in sueh ease made and provided, the said moztgage will be foreclosed by the sale of the mortgaged premises at public auctio by the sheriff of said County of Big Stone to the highest bidder therefor for eas on Tuesday. the 16th day of May. 12. at l0 o'clock in the forenoon, at the front door of the Court House in the City of Ortonvi|le in the County of Big Stone and State of MinnesOta, to atis- fy the amount which will then and there be due on said mortgage for principal and inter- est. together with the costs and charges of sale. the taxes, if any. on said premises and said Seventy-five Dollars ($75.00) for attorney's fees, said mortgagl premlsee so to be sold lying and being in the County of Eig Stone and State of Minnesota and more partleular. ly described as fellows, to-wit: .... East Half of Southwest Quarter- t ox SW). Southwest Quarter of Northwest Quar- ter (SW of lffW4). Lot, Thr (S) and Four (4) of Seion For (4) South Half of North Half (S of N1), Lots One (I), Two (2) and Five (S) o(etion l.yo ($, Eu.t Half of Northwest Quarter (mf ot W)o Lots One (1). Two (2) and hr (3) of Section Nine (9), and that part of the South- west Quarter of Southwt Quarter SWt of SWK) Section Nta (9)lying .north of the railroad right of wey, aa of the xoreomg being in Township One Hundred Twenty.four (124) North. Range Forty-seven (47).Went, according to the Government survey - nereo, together with and Including all land of the maandered lake bed in said sections, township and range, which is alurtennt and belongs to the several lots above derlbed aimtting thereon, all of the above described and shove mentioned lands eontatnin '172 acre, more or less. aeoordln to the United State| Gov- ernment Survey thereof. Dated March 2th. 1922. MERCHANTS TRUST AND SAVIC BANK, Mort4rsgee. WALTER E. KUNZE. Attorar" for dd Mortgagee, Care Merchants Trust end Savings Bank, Saint ]'aul. M|nneSota. (First Pub. Mar. 80 Sw) A pemist argues that every sil- ver lining has a cloud, World's Lowest Priced FULLY EQUIPPED Automobile *525 17e "People's Car See it Core it Try it as Our G 1 Wm. Cummens Ortonville, Minnesota House Cleaning Time Is Here Send us your RUGS, DRAP- ERIES, CURTAINS, ETC. We use the Famous French Shampoo process in cleaning rugs. No beating, to destroy fabric, no gasoline, no chem- icals, to harm the rugs in any way. PRICES-- 9x12 .................. $3.00 8xl0 .................. $2.50 Other rugs priced accordingly 0RTONVILLE Dry 1eanin00 Co. QUALITY FIRST THEN SERVICE i THE RAZOR THAT SHARPENS ITS OWN BLADES ,100 [] TI Biggest Razor Valm ever Offrl to th, Public Model 0 Valet AutoStrop Razor Outfit consists of a highly polished, nlekel plated, self-stropping razor, three genuine Valet AutoStrop blmde md one selected strop. Razor and blades are contained in an attractive metal case. All contained in a lithographed carton --complete for $1.00. MODEL C Valet Aut0Strop Razor ORTONVILLE Hardware Co. , , ,| 1 ,, MEET ME AT The West Hotel MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. Everybody seems to be there Good Service*--Low Rates Splendid Cafe In Connection t Professional and Business Ortonviile Electric EVERYTIIING Phone 49 for prompt and S. A. BARR. Proprietor. DR. CHAS. H. VETERINARIAN Phones--Day 31, Night 51 Clinton BELVA KA TEACHER OF PIANO HARMONY Ortonville @ FOR TRUCK and any kind of light and All Orders Given Prompt [ Hausauer I PHONE 268 DR. F.-W. CHIROPRACTOR D. D. WHITE, D. C., P]L Spinographer 12-13-14-15-16 Shumaker Ortonville Col. Wm. AUCTI0NEER Thirty years' expe%-'tenC. on your property. and get in on a'g date. Ortonville Real Estar ...e, ure and rm Sales A For dates write me at Graduate of Jones Auction J. A. JOHN PIANO TUNING AND PHONES--Res. 194, Furn. Store All Work Guaranteed Ortonville KODAK Prompt, Quality Service, Moderat THE REED DR. R. D. OSTEOPATHIC One Block up hill from Store Vapor-Sulphur Cabinet {For Rheumatism. neuritis, F. L. BROWN THE JEWELER Ortonville C. E. SIGLOH : PHONE 284-L Ortonvllle JOE BAYER & Of the Ortonville Tailoring All kinds of Cleaning and neatly done Suits Made to Order Ortonville ELECTRIC SHOP Shoes repaired neatly and Our Work G. A. POWELL, Prop, JOHN Light Haulhr of all Express and Baggage Telephone 287 PALL Brick Layer and Stee Muon and eli kinds of Ortonville, Minn. PETERSON & DRAY Big Stane Phone 38 l k WILL Edenesd Painter Plume M-L All Work Guaraatd ELMER *'T WELL DI !iftn Yars' Correll, You We Do Let us get will Tfl[ OHOHYILLt PAGE 6 lYHE ORTONVILLE INDEPENDENT Mai0rity Control Is Business Safeguard RegniHon of "SLate Rights" Would Allow Re-electlon a[ Men t'rovea Udeirah]e Over Wish of Majority. Says Mehl. ,entation must be kept as far as pus- -- ,ibis in tile bachgruuod. The instant That the rift national eonventler }t these are allod to assert them of the U. G. Grain Growers, Inc., wa .elves, that instant the gate ix whi* eontrulled by the delegates, in con .an for faiiu foity with the by-laws rather thau *,in the light of these fts. aud if by "steam-roller" tactics which via. majority rule is eorre in principles lated membership rghts is tile cousin- tber e ix uo inhent defect in this fen sion reached in  analysis by J. M. tare of the plan, and the eontlverMal Meh], assistant to the President of the nature of the first annual nventiun U. S. Glain Growers, Inc. Mr, Mehi, is not ascribable to any weakness in was oa the staff of the U S. Depart th e plan of the ConiLtee of Seven- meat of Agtieultnl.e  a spialist o. : n. While it is mldoubtedly tze co-operative organization at the time teat both majori W and minority the U. S. Grain Grower, Inc., w groups we more or le organlzed to hing foulated by the "Committee castro I the eonventlon, the is no of Seventeen" and repseated the fed- aeed for attributing sults to "stezm el department on the mmlttae, act- ller.. tactics. After all is said and lag iu au adry capacity. He has <lone tile majozdty did ntI aud it ollowml the delopmeDt closely and would take a stings pre*s of - rhps is  i from bi h* his views as any one who knows the fts could be, "One ot the principal au of failure amg eo-operati organlza- ions ie that of dissention growing out of jealousi on the part of either Jde or factions," says Mr. MehL Whefe, a most important ftu of y orniza gian is the set- ting up of safegtuds against fato md influenza that offer opportunity for daing o peonal views ad of class or ctio] prejudices. "Without attepng to dluss the merits of the controversy which tok pl ,t the U. S. Grain Grower' Convention, the membehip and far- me geuerally are entitled to "maw Whether this s due to an inherent defect iu the plan of She Grain Glow era aud whether or n jealousies d dissentions a adequately feguard- d theim "There is no question but that, un- der the pl af the Grain Grs the delegates controlling the mJotit 3 of voting memberships can ele au 3 an or t of men to the Board o IM'trs that they wish. I% is qui possible under the bydaws d undel the rles which /eyeful the Annaa Coventian that twenty-one met could be elected as direeto, every one of then, fm one state or frsm a slugle county within a state and 4theut rard to reprentaun fm other state. On firs4 thought, the app to be an element of unfair- hess in such a sltuaton. On the other hand, we must eine whether nr net in the natural order of tngs such 8 rtuaUon is llkely to our. It did not  at the First Annl Conven - tion. It is net charged that rin tons were not adeqtely pn- ted but rather that particular d trlets er states were not alloweo tu elect prilar peons to repser them on the atenal board. This m(ght be valid criticism if the pla gnize state Bees, which it dees "Bo dlarig the plnn fault n that  we mtt eonslder what the esult obe if eh distNe cah state were peitted to elt men un the bod to remsent that lsexm,lar distet ur state aalustthe jetions and vote of a dozen other states. It would he possibl for a db ector en the bod to entlrr egleet sidetion of the best irts of grn gruwer members n th 6r iton  a whole arid yet so ter to the members ot his owa state that tey euld insist aport his re-etioa. Woud such a tton e nduve ha,ouy aml would it b a fe- sard against, or would it td to sa- turate denUon and jealousy? "This very fuudamentaI and ba tion of 16 other ditors. TAX JUDGMENT SALE Order Limiting Time to File Claimsl MINNESOTA HORTICULTURIST !0 " e ur " in iunm s  ursu 'i in roe nn  an  ,T ..... , , C S St t  M ;STXTE 0 ?I NNI SOI'A County of Rat' el stun c as it ms' seo l[]  hat nuehttge desx;ab ..... hPh o,teYn e f 2 he 25 h day of .................... , .... ; ................. ? .......... k .... lieu rgamzalon an one w le  9'2 prose ng forenotx Ithelnatttl(/theestate rllk b f tl "q" t H " 'cu!d 17e deSl'abie in  business or lug pa m, nt of ,laxes and Fenatties] (2 n e [L 8 Muckintosh edJto, x, as i s e e-ups a "e marke ng organ a on g S ne s  e ofM n eso a reim n-I LeLhts of a,!mhfi uatou tlis da and circulated lu April. This .as anlZatlon especially ul a Natmna] upon ]Re Fsm e n he Cou ty o "v a e kan m)n here uch m ex-s as s a e gh , ng de/intuent on the first M'ada. in'l h :,  been  c o Osea o I do e, ays  Mackmto to sD,uu tional ivLerests and class pte-I lanuary ' t922 aml the Statutes in such] ml it appe uing by the ahla,it ell late ffaldeUlng ............. .................................... eaoC0000::, AY OF MA , . a o I i' el, uteri, a e [me aidniiaormalon forglo,xlngegetehles. 'cloek in the forenoon, at my office which all c?e(litors oC the above named  m the Court Itouse n the CRy of Or deeedem ,nay ptesun claims agahlst Vunville, and County of Big Stone, his estate iu this (putt, he, and the Minnesota soll the lands which ale saint he.by ix, limited to three ]-- 1,,i wth 'laxes, Penalties andl aulnth flum anti after the date hole Costs in said Judgment. and on which of; arid that Olldl the 31st da ' of Tax shall not have been previousb Ou/ 1922, ot 1o *clock a. m., inthe paid. Probate Court Rooms at the Cout Datl at Ot%nville, Minn., this 19th] House at the ety of Oronville, in sai,I World. day of April A, D. 1922. County, be, aml the same hereby is * (Seal) A.V. RANDALL, fixed and appointed as the time and LOWeSt Priced Auditor of Big Stone place for healing upon and the ex (Fir Pub. Aprl[ 2(00 umty' M nne wta) of su2h eiai; :tsmehtlia; plrl2wad FULLY ...... within the time aforesaid NOTICE IIF MORTC.GE FOR .... ;" ". EcVIPPWr l LE t no,lee hereof De gxven by the  ..... CLOS[ R E SA . li publicatin of this onler in the Orion. * Default has been made in the corn ". viii e Independent as pvided by law U to mobile tions of a certain mortgage made by Dated April 29, 1922. Md A. Conrad, spinzter, mortgagor (Seal) I B. HUDSON, rdng to mh the nclion that the pl is faulty became it de im- possible rmnerity eontl. Gnd Ora Over lhe Wil. It was Carlyle, I think, who eaied music the speech of the angels. Due wod lke to consider that grim old Scotchman's atonement if he could sit at his ease in an Amebean fa- bou today and listen to the sub- me Crsdns of grand opera coming la over the vreless telephone. What magic n sm wamlerful after the mdiophone! For a hundred dollars or you can buy a little machine that wilt bng you market reports, ws bultetins, crop estimtes from th0 y Edison call it the most on,le ful scientific ft of the period. It is  n that the worhl rI gdthin u comparatively hort thne the radio rvi pises to be as on as the automobile or the phonograph in the rural home.-Ea Life. This seems te he a yoar of m ran- oingism, and beltion. NOTICE TO TRACTOR OWNERS. The Town Board of Oty Tn- ship, Big Stone County, will celve bids from Tractor oers for the pull- lug of an 8-foot road grader for grad- ing reads by the hour, this wl re- qui no less than 2O h. p. on the draw bar. Bids wl be received fil 2:OO e'clk p. m. Saturday, May 6, 1922. All bids must be sealed and sent to the TO Clerk befo said time. The Board rese the right to Jeet any or l bids.--Nes Prson, to clerk of Ot Township, Ortonville, Mnu, "ute 3. 49 LEGAL NOTICES ! OTICE TO APPLICANTS FOR LO. CAL WEED INSPECTOR. Notice to the Public--Sealed bids will be reived at the offi of tim Mn 16, 1922, for Lal Wd Inspec- Ple submit bids for both per diem aud mileage. Dated this 3rd day of Ma, 1922. (Signed) A. V. RANDALL, Coty Auditor, Big Stone County, Minn. (First Pub. May 4 2w) to J. N. Fream, mortgagee, dated the 10th day of Deeere3oer, 1918, conveying and mortgaging the real estate ef mortgaged premiss sltatod in the Coty of Big Stone and state nf Min- neta, derlbed as follows, tit: Govement lots two (2) d thr (3), in So.ion twenty-one (21), in To--ship one hundred d twenty- oe (121) af rge forty-six (46), eon- talntng all 55.0 s of Government sure and with the po e f le '; , wro sa them continued duly recorded ou the nth day of Deber at 0 n'loek m in Book 44 ef Mortgages at page 52O their in the omee ef the Register of Deeds in aml for sald Couuty; and it is stipulated in said mortgag that if default ie me by sad grantor in the pant nf any of the said rear'gaged debt, principa er intent wbe the same became d it shatl be 1aFOul for the holder o said mortgage to dla the whoP sam seeulJ theby to he due; and the sad mortgagor failed to pay the Intense on sad mortage which fell due en the 10th day of Describer, 1921 ; aud that hy ason of said default the said mor*agee has declad the whole m af money, pfindpal and iute secured hy sad mortgage due and nayable; and the s elam- ed to he due at the date uf this noce the sum ef three thousand two hun dd ninety-thee and 67.100 ($32O3.- 67) dollars; and no action er pro i.gs has been instituted to cover the debt remaining ud by sad morb gage or any part theof. Now there- fo noti is hereby given that sad mortgage will be forlosed by the sale of said mortgaged premises pa sut to the statute at puhiie Fondue by the 8hetff of said County to the hghest bidder for cash on Saturday, the 3ra day of June, at 0 o'eluck n the fonn of that da at the fnt door of the urthouse in the elty ef Ortenville in said unty to satisfy the amount due en said mortgage Ul- gether with seventy-five dollars (75 001 attorney's fees a tipulated m said mortgage to be paid in ease af forlosure, and the disburemen allowed by law. Dated this '24th day of Aprih 122. J. N. FREAM, Murtgagee, LLOYD G. MOYER, At*Daisy for Mortgage, Montevldee, Minn. (Fist Pub. Apr. 27 ww) NOTICE TO CDNTRACTORS. Sealed proposals will be recoived by the County ef Bg Stone at the om of *he County Auditor, Ortonville, Minnota. til I0 o'clock  m. an May 16, 1922, for the cunstruetion af the folowing ad ubs: Job No. 2Z01 State Road Length 4 miles (nrth of Cormll) in- eldding the following approximate qutie: (a) Gding: Exeavat,on, 22,OOO C Y,; Overhaul i0,000 C. Y.i Monoilthk Culvert, 1--10xSx24: 1x4x4; port able Culverts, 240'-12" Order for Heating on Petilio for Set: tlemeat of Aunt and on Petition for Ieeharge of Extor ur Ad- malstratlx, STATE OF MINNESOTA, Coty o Big 8tone. In Prubate CourL In the tter of the estate ef Ed'ard Judge of Probate (First PUb. May 4 3w) Citation for Heating On Petition Fur Admnit ratiou. STATE OF MINNESOTA County of Big Stons. lu Probate Court. In the matter of the estate ef Isma tlous A. Foell, ddent. The State of Minaesot to Maud Ell, Danford T. Foell, and Cathene Eoell, hers at law of said deceased and te all ns interested ia the estate of sd decedent: The vethion of Maud Etl haviug been led in this court, presentiug that Igatious A. Foell, then a ms,dent of the County of Big Stone, State of Minnesota, died tstate on the 7th day of April 1922 leaving an estate in the Coty af Big Stone deserlbed ae fallows, to-wit: Pernal perty consisting of hoas hold goods aud fa machinery, the whoe vulue theof not exuding the sam of $65O.OO and the petionel. praying for a flna dr of distribu- tion signing the pperty of said estate t the persons thete en ttle; and tho Court having fixed the time ad ple for heating said pei on. Thefore, you, and each of yen, a hereby cited and required to show cause, if any you haVel befa this court at the Probate Court Rooms in the Curt House in the City of Often- Fills, in the County of Big 8tone, State ef Minneso, on the lath day of May, 1022, at 10:00 o'clock a. m., why said petition should not be granted. Witness, the ffudge of said Court, and the SeaI of said Court this 19th day of AI, 1922. (Court Seal) R.B. HUDSON, W. C. PREUS Judge of Probate. Attaey for Petitioner. oncz or onvaz rOnECLOSURZ SL I fib.o- *525 , Wm. Cummens Or tonville, Min.t a House Cleaning Time Is Here Send us your RIIG. DRAP- ERIES, CURTAINS, ETC. We u the Famous Fresh Shampoo prs in cleaning ruz NO beating, tu dty fabric, nu gallue, no chem. ieals, to harm the rugs Jn any way. PRICE-- 9xl 2 ............. $3,OO 8xl0 .. . $2.5O Other rugs priced accordingly 0RTONVILLE Dry 1eanin Co. QUAI [3y FIRST-- THEN SERVICE Professional and qtstlon in considering orgization Odden, deased. (b) Graveling: 4 miles, 4,000 C. Y. plans w net overloaked by the Com. On r in and filing the petition Job No. 220--Stat ttt ef Se" teen- indeed ry f Joephiue 0dden mpentng Lengthlmfle(nerthofJohnson) Ap erfftt tlen!ton n and co isldet:i ..... g other things, that she is the ad; px/mate qm13ti: : o e aue and eera ministratrixofthee state of %he abov a Grading Bxva on 8#50C :hdo h wgventolt. Therewasnv ny na eddedet rMtht hehasfu " , dF BundreDoa (t4 0) ad ss dos not pate along state iowanee eft said accost, and the mak- Length .3.84 miles (east of o ) Ov4 for In ld  a  lines. It ds not ev eonsistently ing and filing of the final dee of Appm=mate quantities:. r ulr h. t t a v separate into zones, since the nmve- distribution of said estate; anti that {a) Qdmg: Excavation, 17500 C. oa' o. th.Otf.e a. meat of fin" may shift from one a furth time and pine e be fixed for y.., 0 e haut,v r 9,540 C. Y;. p rtableo lsm h,  a' a ea m t p co o' g "th the heating of said petition for the Cu yetis .220'-12" 226'-1b" 45'-18" s,g sa Cat Uln.t t ket to event other markets 1 - h f "d admln tt x t .,  ot A D o St,an. .   Beu it w di arge o sal n , o- 70,.24, .m of m , bat hat  pt o ,a in a tangle an. aether qth the aunties on her bond. b Gravelin " 4 000 C Y claim ha.  ,d aa b* the ,m ot it, the ]ogi th ng to do d bee It is ordered that id peitiotl for ( j g" ' " " or of clam .a rs= nm ttt f Seventeen fogw . . ' . Job No. 2204Stata Road No. 2.-- . all i h nde  . the Com.. o the eetalamtlon and Ipwce of said west of Clinton Gravelin 4 Ml No., o   r wen tat ua- th e pus blhty of stat jealousy, it fillet and the fihn oftheflnai { )" g' ' dsdoot role = s decided to group the mborship da in gsid tter be eard at the 4,000 C.Y.  - . .. . i. d mor., ad pt to.th a into [v units surrod ng sh pp ng Probate Court Ofbee in the COU[L Job N 2g05.tate  ' '. a ll o al t  od " and into con ssional dls*rieLq, IOuSO at the City of Ortonlle in (northeast from Gr!lej 2 mt ca. t m  .t eawk eeaoa r Im , are ton of saidty fB'ggtoe onMnday a Grading' Exatio 450C b h tac tofo t. arena! ng entirely ensidstat e u ts it w not, thefer .... an the 2nd daY of May D. 192 t y.; Overhatfl. 7500 C, . Y., Par tab e h ghb ottherl ft a  in. . m . v ti ethe lO olock in the fonoon of said day. Culveahs 00LI2"  on, a L fat door ot t oa overs ght that the* delgate o g i t is further orded that said peel- b G'avelin , 2 0041 C Y   @ city of 11# In * tN mority membership shld have a tlon for he d harge of said adndn- ( ) g. , . o 2. of st* sto na  of Itnm  t* . d .... JobNo 2206.--qtateR d .  t wMhwtlthame i m the election of tmek an t.- zsttnx, together th the smties on uth from BeardMe Gr&ng   de mo f .ttt.d *rd la ry m on the Board of Dltors. her bond be heard at the pbae ( tee 3 500 C Y Y) ,  tc4tbee *d*h tb t, *a4 eh... This was the clear intent and purpose COurt ames at the Court House. in ml , , - 1 t. , tt , Separate bids should be abraltted of the m who drafd the pl and the City of 02tville, in aid Coury the by-laws. At the same timethe of B" Stone. on Monday the nd day for grading and graveling on the 1 w seen the wledom of suggstig th of ay A. D. 12 at 10 e*dodg in speive bs. Plans and et- y ddd a, tlhmg tt: the forenn of sgld day; at which tions may be waned at the office ga at e gh mr g% time and place said adrMniractlx ot of the County Auditor, Ortonvflle proposal of ndldate tn such a way to make 'tional preseattlon a naturaI lt. Hence, the reason far the lauguage in stion 1 ef art/l $ ef the by-laws: "The Board of Dl'tors ma p d for the nonaind of h:to by dstriets on an eqtfltabIe bi." ThJ alawJ the elmion p tc be ntrolled b the delegates and not o by tim nner ef nomination..Umiet that etiou of the by-laws, If it we . i lnterpte# to rmmn that the even- titm in electing all--tots hnuld elect . u we 1 M omhat by dtsttle tt large distiet, for exaple, could ha plaxl 1t m*n on th bol, 1[ c ho tht be ob,*tianablt to diite; t te same time e Im trite, i! any, voit in the elee- said tte will be allowed to make o that she has come,lied with said final d and with an the erde ot Court In said rtt d all pos Jntrcttd will be he fo d t ld dischrge nf id - ministratrix and the urties en be bond. It is further ordered, that nee hf beven to all parses ltert. by Imlahag this olr, on t eh week, fur thr ssive wk prior to sam day above spifld foe the eminaen ef ld final unt, in the Ortonvfl dent a week- at the ty of 0rtonte la d Couu. ty and att Datnd A I @ A. D. le2. (Court Sea[) R. ]: b'D$ON, Minn., or at the ofaoe of the Htghy DeFtrtment, St. Paul, Bids aeeomptxded by a crafted cheek o* bldder'a bond payable to th C Trerr, for at lst 5 lt et of the eunt of the pposaL The tight is resed to je y er 31 bJd and to waive y deets. A V. RANDALL, Coty Auditor, Ottonville, finn (First P April 2O 3wj Little de of war, That  used to think We simply made fur ae, Are now the whole dam drink. A psalmist srg that ev'y ll. vet living has a cloud. tatclrs  Am> WAg'elm Z. Z c. '- . , vwalam*N wacns or aaosv llausauer Brom VaON zss DR. F.'W, cmacpcToa Col, Wm, AUCI(NEER COL J. A. PiXo TUNIN ann all Work KODAK TItE REED osEm,mc F. L. EEOWN THE RAZOR c.E. OWN BLADES - - - 00 JOE BAYER & ; s.a, The Bi#lr*st Razor Val r Offered to tha Public god*l o Vdet AutoSrop R Outer tm cf s highly polished. nlekel plated, eel f.stxeppng r. three geuune Valet AutOSt.'el, bladm e4d e lted etp. Rozor end blad a contained tn an attrvctive metal ca. All entedin aIitho pbed n MODEL C ORTONVILLE Hardware Co. MEET ME AT Wesf he ---q t Hotel[ POLlS, MINN. I E*erybody  to be there Goed Low Rtte Splendid Cafe In Connection SHOP . a. OWL, . PAUL DIRN mmv Lain nts s, L. tt WILL all Work Cmt* ELMER Gvel Mn You Need We Do PAGE 6 THE ORTONVILLE INDEPENDENT THURSDAY, Majority Control Is Business Safeguard Recognition of "State Rights" Would Allow Re-election of Men Proven Undesirable Over Wishes of Majority, Says Mehl. That the first national convention of the U. S. Grain Growers, Inc., was controlled by the delegates, in con- formity with the by-laws, rather than by "steam-roller" tactics which vio- lated membership rights is the conclu- sion reached in an analysis by J. M. Mehl, assistant to the President of the U. S. Grain Growers, Inc. Mr. Mehl, was on the staff of the U. S. Depart- ment of Agriculture as a specialist on co-operative organization at the time the U. S. Grain Growers, Inc., was being formulated by the "Commi,tee of Seventeen" and represented the fed- eral department on the committee, act- ing in an advisory capacity. He has followed the development dlosely and ?perhaps is as free from bias ha his views as any one who knows the facts . could be. "One of the principal causes of failure among co-operative organiza- tions is that of dissention growing .out of jealousies on the part of either loaders or factions," says Mr. Mehl. "Therefore, a most important feature of any organization plan is the set- ting up of safeguards against factors and influences that offer opportunity for cladaing of personal views and of class or sectional prejudices. "Without attempting to discuss the merits of the controversy which took place at the U. S. Grain Growers' Convention, the membership and far- mers generally are entitled to know whether this was due to an inherent defect in the plan of the Grain Grow- ors and whether or not jealousies and dissenions are adequately safeguard- ed therein. "Ther is no question but that, un- der the plan of the Grain Growers, the delegates controlling the majority of voting memberships can elect any man or set of men to the Board of Directors that they wish. It is quite possible under the by-taws and under the rules which governed the Annual Convention that twenty-one m e n could be elected as directors, every one of them from one state or from a single county within a state and without regard to representation from other states. On first thought, there appears to be an element of unfair- ness in such a situation. On the other hand, we must examine whether or not in the natural order of things such a situation is likely to occur. It did not occur at the First Annual Conven- tion. It is not charged that certain sections were not adequately represen- ted but rather that particular d" tricts or states were not alloweci tv elect particular persons to represer, them on the national board. This might be valid criticism if the pla: recognized state lines, which it does not. "Before declarin the plan fault 6n that score we must consider what the results btfld-be if each disVAc or each state were permitted to elect men on the board to represent that particular district or state against the objections and vote of a dozen other states. It would be possible for a di- lector on the board to entir2eglect consideration of the best in'rYe of grain grower members in the 6rgan :, ition as a whole add yet so eater to the mernhers of his own state that they would insist upon his re-election. Would such a situation be conductive to harmony and would it be a safe- guard against, or would it tend to en- courage di, ssention and jealousy? "This very fundamental and basic question in considering organization plans was not overlooked by the Com- mittee of Seventeen; indeed, very careful atention and consideration was. given to it. There was never any disagreement on the point that in na- tional grain marketing organization state lines would have to be elimina- ted. In the first place, the gain busi- ness does, nbt separate along state lines. It does not even consistently separate into zones, since the move- ment of grain may shift fim one anrket to several other markets with- in a single season. Because it was the logical thing to do, and because the Committee of Seventeen foresaw the possibility of state jealousy, it was decided to group the membership into local units surrounding shpping points and into congressional districts, eliminating entirely consideration of state units. It was not, therefore, an oversight that the'delegates voting the majority membership should have a roice in the election of each and ev- ery man on the Board of Directors. This was the clear intent and purpose of the men who drafted the plan and the by-laws. At the same time there was seen the wisdom of suggsting the proposal of candidates in such a way as to make sectional representation a natural result. Hence, the reason for the languageqn section 1 of article 3 of the by-laws: "The Board of DireCtors may pro- vide for the nominaion of dlvectors by districts on an equitable basis." This allows the election proper to' be controlled by the delegates and not by the mnner of nominatiom Under laat section of the by-laws, if it were interpreted" to mean that the conven- tion in electing d|veetors should elect as well as nminate by dtstriet some for 00ple, could hav00l placed five men on the be atilt  , all o. I otlr ditriats, at the same  t l}eJ delates "frdm that dtsWle t Woululdl ! have little, ff any, voice in the elec-I tion of 16 other directors. "A clear distinction must be drawn between a method of election and con- trol that might be desirable in a po- litical organization and one which :/cuhl be desirable in a business or- ganization, especially in a National :o-operative marketing organization ,vhere such mtters as state rights, sectional interests and class repre- sentation must be kept as far as pos- sible in the background. The instan( .hat these are allowed to assert them- selves, that instant the gate is wide open for failure. "In the light of these facts, and if majority rule is correct in principles, there is no inherent defect in this fea cure of the plan, and the controversial nature of the first annual convention is not ascribable to any weakness in the plan of the Committee of Seven- :een. While it is undoubtedly tmae that both majority and minority groups were more or less organized to control the convention, there is no need for attributing results to "steam roller" tactics. After all is said and done the majority did control and it wonld take a strange process of rea- soning to reach the conclusion that the plan is faulty because it made im- possible minority control. Grand Opera Over the Wireless. It was Carlyle, I think, who called music the speech of the angels. One would like to consider that grim old Scotchman's amazement if he could sit at his ease in an American farm- house today and listen to the sub- lime strains of grand opera coming .in over the wireless telephone. What magic can seem wonderful after the radiophone! For a hundred dollars or so you can buy a little machine that will bring you market reports, news bulletins, crop estinmtes from the may Edison call it the most wonder- ful scientific fact of the period. It is so new that the world scarcely within a comparatively short time the radio service promises to be as common as the automobile or the phonograph in the rural home.-Farm Life. This seems to be a year of rum run- ningism, and rebellion. NOTICE TO TRACTOR OWNERS. The Town Board of Otrey Town- ship, Big Stone Courty, will receive bids from Tractor owners for the pull- ing of an 8-foot road grader for grad- ing roads by the hour, this will re- quire no less than 20 h. p. on the draw bar. Bids will be received unl 2:00 o'clock p. m. Saturday, May 6, 1922. All bids must be sealed and sent to the Town Clerk before said time. The Board reserves the right to reject any or all bids.--Nels Pearson, town clerk of Otrey Township, Ortonville, M]nn, "outs 3. 49-3 i' LEGAL NOTICES OTICE TO APPLICANTS FOR LO- CAL WEED INSPECTOR. Notice to the Public:Seated bids will be received at the office of the County Auditor of Big Stone County, Minnesota, until 10 o'clock a. in. on ay 16, 1922, for Local Weed Inspec- tors as per Section 8, Chapter 320, General Laws of 1921. Please submit bids for both per diem and mileage. Dated this 3rd day of May, 1922. {Signed) A. V. RANDALL, County Auditor, Big Stone County, Minn. (First Pub. May 4 2w) Order for Hearing on Petition for Set= tlement of Account and on Petition for Discharge of Executor or Ad- miistratrix. STATE OF MINNESOTA, County of Big Stone. In Probate Court. In the matter of the estate of Edward Odden, deceased. On receiving and filing the petition of Josephine Odden representing, among other things, that she is the ad- ministratrix of the estate of the above named decedent, anti that she has fully administered said estate and filed her final account thereof; and praying that a time and place be fixed for hearing said petition, the examination and al- lowance of said account, and the mak- ing and filing of the final decree of distribution of said estate; and that a further time and place be fixed for the hearing of said petition for the discharge of said administratrix; to- gether with the sureties on her bond. It is ordered, that said petition for the examination and allowance of said final account and the filing of the final decree in said matter be heard at the Probate Court Office in the Court House at the City of Ortonville, in said County of Big Stone, on Monday, the 22nd day of May A. D. 1922 at t0 o'clock in the forenoon of said day. It is further ordered that said peti- tion for the discharge of said admin- istratrix, together with the sureties on her bond be heard at the Probate Court office at the Court House, in the City of Ortonville, in said Courty of Big Stone, on Monday the 22nd day of May A. D. 1922 at 10 o'clock in the forenoon of said day; at which time and place said admirdstratrix of said estate will be allowed to make ,roof that she has complied with said final decree and with all the orders of ehis Court in said matter, and all s interested will be heal for and against said discharge of said ad- ministratrix and the sureties on her bond. It is further ordered, that notice hereof be given to all parties interest, ed by Imblishing this order, once in each week, for three successive weeks prior to said day above specified for the examination of said final account, in the Ortonville Independent, a week- lynewspaper, printed and published at the city of Ortonville in said Coun- ty and stt Dated April 25 A. D. 922. By the Court. (Court Seal) R: ]].HUDSON, Judge of Probat TAX JUDGMENT SALF Pursuant to Real Estate Tax Judg- ment of the District Court, of the County of Big Stone, State of Minne- sota, entered the 25tb day of March, A. D., 1922 m proce,=dings for enforc- ing payment of Taxes and Penalties Olson. Decedent. upon Real Estate in the County ofl Esaie of Hokan Olson. Big Stone, State of Minnesota, remain-] Letters of ac'aninistration this day ins delinquent on the first Monday in having been granted to Oscar Olson; January, 1922 and the Statutes in such au,I it appearing by the affidavit of case made and provided I shall, on said representative that there are lm the second Monday, being the 8TH debts of said decedent: DAY OF MAY, A. D. 1922. at ten I It is ordered, that the time within o'clock in the forenoon, at my officel which all creditors of the above named in the Court Itouse in the City of Or-ldecetlent may presenv claims against tnville, and County of Big Stone,[his estate in this Court, be, ami the Minnesota, sell the lands which arc] stone hereby is, limited to three v.m,,,, with Taxes, Penalties and[months from and after the date here- Costs in said Judgment, and on which I of; and that Monday the 31st day of Taxes shall not have been previouslyfluly 1922. at 10 o'clock a. m., in" the paid. Probate Court Rooms at the Court Dated at Ortonville, Minn., this 19th House at the city of Ortonville, in said day of April A. D. 1922. County, be, and the same hereby is, (Seal) A.V. RANDALL, fixed and appointed as the time and Auditor of Big Stone place for hearing upon and the ex- County, Minnesota. amination, adjustment and allowance (First Pub. April 20 3w) of such claims as shall be presented - within the time aforesaid. NOTICE OF MORTGAGE FOR- Let notice hereof be given by the CLOSURE SALE. publication of this order in the Orton- Default has been made in the condi- ville Independent as provided by law. t-ions of a certain mortgage made by Maud A. Conrad, spinster, mortgagor to J. N. Fream, mortgagee, dated the 10th day of Decen, ber, 1918, conveying and mortgaging the real estate of mortgaged premises situated in the County of Big Stone and state of Min- nesota, described as follows, towit: Government lots two (2) and three (3), in Section twenty-one {21), in Township one hundred and twenty- one (121) of range forty-six (46), con- taining all 55.20 acres of Government survey; and with the power of sale therein contained duly recorded on the llth day of December at 9 o'clock . m.. in Book 44 of Mortgages at page 520 thereof in the office of the legister of Deeds in and for said County; and it is stipulated in said mortgage that if default is made by said grantor in the payment of any of the said mortgaged debt, principal or interest when the same became due, it shall be lawful for the holder of said mortgage to declare the whole sum secured thereby to be due; and the said mortgagor failed to pay the interest on said mortgage which fell due on the 10th day of December, 1921; and that by reason of said default the said mortgagee has declared the whole sum of money, principal and interest secured by said mortgag due ad nayable: and there is claim- ed to be due at the date of this notice the sum of three thousand two hun- dred ninety-three and 67-100 ($3,293.- 67) dollars; and no action or proceed- ings has been instituted to recover the debt remaining secured by said morr gage or any part thereof. Now there- fore notice is hereby given that said mortgage will be foreclosed by the sale of said mortgaged premises pur- suant to the statute at public vendue by the" Sheriff of said County to the highest bidder for cash on Saturday, the 3rd day of June, at 9 o'clock in the forenoon of that day at the front door of the courthouse in the city of Ortonville in said county to satisfy the amount due on said mortgage to- gether with seventy-five dollars ($75. 00) attorney's fees as stipulated i said mortgage to be paid in case of foreclosure, and the disbursements allowed by law. Dated this 24th day of April, 1922. J. N. FREAM, Mortgagee, LLOYD G. MEYER, Attorney for Mortgagee, Montevideo, Minn. {Fist Pub. Apr. 27 6w) NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS. Order Limiting Time to File Claims MINNESOTA HORTICULTURIST Within Three Months, and PUTS OUT GARDEN NUMBER for Hearing Thereon ........... STATE OF MINNESOTA. County of Rather strange as it may seem to Big Sone as. In Probate Corot. so,:,. hc July cr garden-making hum- In the matter of the estate of Hokan ber of the Minnesota Horticulturist. R. S. M'tekintosh editor, was issued and circulated in April. This was done. says Mr. Mackintos , to sti;nu- !ate gardening on farms and back lots. The July number consists of 30 pa;es or more all crammed with condensed information for growing vegetables. Dated April 29, 1922. (Seal) R.B. HUDSON, Judge of Probate. (First Pub. May 4 3w) Citation for Hearing On Petition For Administration. STATE OF MINNESOTA, County of Big Stone---ss. In Probate Court. In the matter of the estate of Igna- tious A. Foell, decedent. The State of Minnesota to Maud Foell, Danford T. Foell, and Catherine Foell, heirs at law of said deceased and to all persons interested in the estate of said decedent: The petition of Maud Foell having been filed in this court, representing that Ignatious A. Foell, then a resident of the County of Big Stone, State of Minnesota, died testate on the 7th day of April, 1922, leaving an estate in the County of Big Stone described as follows, to-wit: Personal property consisting of house- hold goods and farm machinery, the whole value thereof not exceeding the sum of $650.00; and the petitioner praying for a final decree of distribu- tion assigning the property of said estate to the persons thereunto en- titled; and the Court having fixed the time and place for hearing said peti- tion. Therefore, you, and each of you, are hereby cited and required to show cause, if any you have; before this court at the Probate Court Rooms in the Court House, in the City of Orton- ville, in the County of Big Stone, State of Minnesota, on the 15th day of May, 1922, at 10:O0 o'clock a. m., why said petition should not be granted. Witness, the Judge of said Court, and the Seal of said Court this 19th day of April, 1922. (Court Seal) R.B. HUDSON, W. C. PREUS Judge of Probate. Attorney for Petitioner. NOTICE OF MORTGAGE FORECLOSURE SALE. Whereas. default has neen made in the terms and conditions of a certain mortgage beartn date the 12th day of July, 1919, made, executed and delivered by Andrew D. O'Brien and May O'Brien, his wife. of the County of Big Stone and state of Minnesota. as mort- gagore, to the Mvhana :Trust nd Sl Bank, a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the State of Minnesota. and having its place of business in Saint Paul. Minnesota. as mortgagee, to secure the pay- ment of the sum of Five Thousand and no- 100 Dollars ($5.000) and interest thereon at the rac of six per cent (6 per cent) per an- num. according to the terms and conditions of a certain promissory note made and exe- cuted by said Andrew D. O'Brien and May O'Brien. his wife. to said Merchants Trust and Savings Bank. and i said mortgage fully described, which said mortgage was duly filed for record in the office of the Register of Deeds in and for the County of Big Stone and Sealed proposals will be received by State of Minnesota on the 21st day of July, 1919, at 10:00 o'clock a. m., and was duly the County of Big Stone at the office recorded in said office in Book 53 of Mort- of the County Auditor, Ortonville, gages, on Page 355. and Whe'eas, said mortgagors have failed and Minnesota, until 10 o'clock a. m., on refused to pay the instalment in the sum May 16, 1922, for the construction of the following road jobs: Job No. 2201--State Road No. 6. Length 4 miles (north of Correll) in- cluding the following approximate quantities: (a) Grading: Excavation, 22,000 C. Y.; Overhaul, 10,000 C. Y.; Monolithic Culvert, l10x8x24; 1--4x4x24; Port- able Culverts, 240'-12" (b) Graveling: 4 miles, 4,000 C. Y. Job No. 2202--State Road No. 8-- Length 1 mile {north of Johnson) Ap- proximate quantities: (a) Grading: Excavation, 3,950 C. Y.; Overhaul, 4,400 C. Y.; Portable Culverts, 84'-12", 35'-15". (b) Graveling: 1 mile, 1,000 C. Y. Job No. 2203State Road No. 4.- Length 3.84 miles (east of Ortonvflle) Approximate quantities: (a) Qrading: Excavation, 17,800 C. Y.; Overhaul, 9,540 C. Y,; Portable Culverts,220'-12"; 226'-15"; 45'-18"; 70'.24." (b) Graveling: 4,000 C. Y. Job No. 2204.State Road No. 2. (west of Clinton). Graveling, 4 Mi., 4,0OO C. Y. Job No. 2205.--State Road No. 3. (northeast from Graceville) 2 miles. (a) Grading: Excavation, 4,500 C. Y.; Overhaul, 7,500 C. Y.; Portable Culverts, 200'-12". (b) Graveling: 2,000 C. Y. Job No. 2206.State Road No. 2. (outh from Beardsley) Graveling, 32 miles, 3,500 C. Y. Separate bids should be submitted for grading and graveling on the re- spective jobs. Plans and specica- tions may be examined at the office of the County Auditor, Ortonville, Minn., or at the office of the Highway Deparent, St. Paul. Bids must be accompanied by a certified cheek or bidder's bond payable to the County Treasurer, for at least 5 per cent of the amount of the proposal. The right is reserved to reject any or all bids and to waive any defects. A. V. RANDALL, County Auditor, Ortonvilie, Minn. (First Pub. April 20 3w) Little drops of water, That we used to think Were simply made for chaers, Are now the whole darn drink, of Fifteen Hundred Dollars ($1,500) which became due and payable on said note on the first day of March, 1921, save the sum of Five Hu dred Dollars ($500.00) was paid to ap- ply thereon: and have also failed and refused to pay the instalment in the sum of Fifteen Hundred Dollars ($1,500) which became due and payable on said note on the first of March. 1922; and have also failed and refused to pay the instalment of interest in the sum of Two Hundred Seventy Dollars {$270.00) which became due and payable on said note in said mortgage described on the said first day of March, 1922. and said Merehmts Trust and Savings Bank. pursuant to the provisions of said note and mortgage, has elected, and does hereby elect, to declare all sums evidenced by said note, together with all accrued interest to be due and payable, and there is claimed to be due and is due on said mortgage at the date of this notice the sum of Four Thou- sand Five Hundred Dollars ($4.500) and int- erest thereon at the rate of six per cent (6 per cent) per annum from the first day of March. 1921. which interest at the date of this notice amounts to Two Hundred Eighty- eight Dollars ($288.00) and aide the sum of Seventy-five Dollars ($75.00) attorney's fees, as provided for in said mortgage, and no action or proceeding has been instituted at law or in equity to recover the debt scoured by said mortgage, or any part thereof, save that a claim has been flied in the Probate Court of Big Stone County, Minnesota. against the es- tate of Andrew D. O'Brien. ]eoeased, on ac- count of said note. but that no part of said claim has been paid and by the .erms of its proof of claim said mortgagee axpres$1y served all its rights under said mortgage. Now. therefore, notice is hereby given that un- der and by virtue of the power of sale contained in said mortgage, and pursuant to the statute in sueh ease made and provided, the said moztgage will be foreclosed by the sale of the mortgaged premises at public auctio by the sheriff of said County of Big Stone to the highest bidder therefor for eas on Tuesday. the 16th day of May. 12. at l0 o'clock in the forenoon, at the front door of the Court House in the City of Ortonvi|le in the County of Big Stone and State of MinnesOta, to atis- fy the amount which will then and there be due on said mortgage for principal and inter- est. together with the costs and charges of sale. the taxes, if any. on said premises and said Seventy-five Dollars ($75.00) for attorney's fees, said mortgagl premlsee so to be sold lying and being in the County of Eig Stone and State of Minnesota and more partleular. ly described as fellows, to-wit: .... East Half of Southwest Quarter- t ox SW). Southwest Quarter of Northwest Quar- ter (SW of lffW4). Lot, Thr (S) and Four (4) of Seion For (4) South Half of North Half (S of N1), Lots One (I), Two (2) and Five (S) o(etion l.yo ($, Eu.t Half of Northwest Quarter (mf ot W)o Lots One (1). Two (2) and hr (3) of Section Nine (9), and that part of the South- west Quarter of Southwt Quarter SWt of SWK) Section Nta (9)lying .north of the railroad right of wey, aa of the xoreomg being in Township One Hundred Twenty.four (124) North. Range Forty-seven (47).Went, according to the Government survey - nereo, together with and Including all land of the maandered lake bed in said sections, township and range, which is alurtennt and belongs to the several lots above derlbed aimtting thereon, all of the above described and shove mentioned lands eontatnin '172 acre, more or less. aeoordln to the United State| Gov- ernment Survey thereof. Dated March 2th. 1922. MERCHANTS TRUST AND SAVIC BANK, Mort4rsgee. WALTER E. KUNZE. 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