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May 11, 1999     The Ortonville Independent
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Lake Region Vacation Guide Spring & Summer 1999 Stone Lake Was Site of Indian Villages Page 17 [ Beach State west shore of Lake. of its bow shape, Americans gave the names. They called part Bent Lake lower part Lake of lake coy- than 22,000 acres. Lake is the lowest in South Dakota, feet above sea level. Peak in the Black is 7,242 feet bsea level, is the state's Stone Lake is the of a channel cut by River Warren drained the glacial Lake Agassiz largest temporary American more than 1.5 of and covering as large as all of the combined. by Glaciers than 20,000 years the southerly moving blocked the flow of River. When the ice to melt, the cut a hugs trench a mile wide and long. Today, we this 80 to 90-R.-deep as Lake Traverse Big Stone Lake. ancient river of melt- carved its way down River Valley, the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico. channel was named for G.K. War- , a survey engineer who t described the phenome- plateau of land about 10 feet above beds separates Big Lake and Lake Tra- This is a continental Lake Traverse into the Red River, and Hudson Stone drains south Minnesota River, River and, final- regions in North can match the his- heritage of this vicin- of northeastern South It bears a vivid of the glaciers' Civilizations are archaeological that suggest occu- by Palaeo Indians to 15,000 years ago, after the glaciers At least one site is fortified prehis- :village, 'estimated to be 900 years old, on the overlooking the "big late Dr. W.H. Over, of the University of Dakota Museum, "This has the appear- f eing the oldest for- village in the state." excavations by i J i, i HARTFORD BEACH STATE PARK i,i the State Archaeological Research Center have been able to shed more light on past residents of the lake area, however. Some of the Indian bands believed to have settled here were Cheyenne, Omaha Toton (western) Sioux, Yankton, Yanktonai and Santee (eastern) Sioux. The ease of passage over the continental divide and the the wealth of furs from buffalo otter, mink and beaver found here, made the area a favorite of the early trappers and traders. The flags of four nations-- France, Spain, England and, finally, the United States-flew over this his- toric waterway. he Big Stoney  An early English explorer called the lake Big Stoney. The first French trappers and explorers to visit the lake, from New France in Montreal and Quebec, called the lake Lac la Grosse Roche (Lake of the Big Stone). During the War of 1812, the British maintained a military post on the Minne- sota side of Big Stone Lake. They enlisted the aid of many area Indians, includ- ing the famous Yanktonai ChiefWaneta. The chief dis- tinguished himself and earned the title The Charger, an audience with the British royalty in Eng- land and a captain's com- mission in the British army. Several Indian villages were located on the lake, one at the south end near the present-day Big Stone City, another on Chain- (continued on page 18) Inexpensive; But net chea Sale Price $1599 Sale Price Sabre 16,2HS q39g Lawn Tractor Sabre 1438GS 1Ghp, 42-inch cut, lawn Tractor hydro/automatic drive 14.5-hp, 38-inch cut, gear drive There's nothing cheap about a Sabre" by John Deere. But doesn't mean it can't be inexpensive. You see, with the bringing that John Deere quality to your lawn has never er. Especially when you consider the easy-to-handle payment plans. So stop by today and see how inexpen- sive a high-quality mower can be. wwn,deere, corn Grant Co. S. Hwy. 15, Milbank, 5D :i. Lake Region Vacation Guide Spring & Summer 1999 Stone Lake Was Site of Indian Villages Page 17 [ Beach State west shore of Lake. of its bow shape, Americans gave the names. They called part Bent Lake lower part Lake of lake coy- than 22,000 acres. Lake is the lowest in South Dakota, feet above sea level. Peak in the Black is 7,242 feet bsea level, is the state's Stone Lake is the of a channel cut by River Warren drained the glacial Lake Agassiz largest temporary American more than 1.5 of and covering as large as all of the combined. by Glaciers than 20,000 years the southerly moving blocked the flow of River. When the ice to melt, the cut a hugs trench a mile wide and long. Today, we this 80 to 90-R.-deep as Lake Traverse Big Stone Lake. ancient river of melt- carved its way down River Valley, the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico. channel was named for G.K. War- , a survey engineer who t described the phenome- plateau of land about 10 feet above beds separates Big Lake and Lake Tra- This is a continental Lake Traverse into the Red River, and Hudson Stone drains south Minnesota River, River and, final- regions in North can match the his- heritage of this vicin- of northeastern South It bears a vivid of the glaciers' Civilizations are archaeological that suggest occu- by Palaeo Indians to 15,000 years ago, after the glaciers At least one site is fortified prehis- :village, 'estimated to be 900 years old, on the overlooking the "big late Dr. W.H. Over, of the University of Dakota Museum, "This has the appear- f eing the oldest for- village in the state." excavations by i J i, i HARTFORD BEACH STATE PARK i,i the State Archaeological Research Center have been able to shed more light on past residents of the lake area, however. Some of the Indian bands believed to have settled here were Cheyenne, Omaha Toton (western) Sioux, Yankton, Yanktonai and Santee (eastern) Sioux. The ease of passage over the continental divide and the the wealth of furs from buffalo otter, mink and beaver found here, made the area a favorite of the early trappers and traders. The flags of four nations-- France, Spain, England and, finally, the United States-flew over this his- toric waterway. he Big Stoney  An early English explorer called the lake Big Stoney. The first French trappers and explorers to visit the lake, from New France in Montreal and Quebec, called the lake Lac la Grosse Roche (Lake of the Big Stone). During the War of 1812, the British maintained a military post on the Minne- sota side of Big Stone Lake. They enlisted the aid of many area Indians, includ- ing the famous Yanktonai ChiefWaneta. The chief dis- tinguished himself and earned the title The Charger, an audience with the British royalty in Eng- land and a captain's com- mission in the British army. Several Indian villages were located on the lake, one at the south end near the present-day Big Stone City, another on Chain- (continued on page 18) Inexpensive; But net chea Sale Price $1599 Sale Price Sabre 16,2HS q39g Lawn Tractor Sabre 1438GS 1Ghp, 42-inch cut, lawn Tractor hydro/automatic drive 14.5-hp, 38-inch cut, gear drive There's nothing cheap about a Sabre" by John Deere. But doesn't mean it can't be inexpensive. You see, with the bringing that John Deere quality to your lawn has never er. Especially when you consider the easy-to-handle payment plans. So stop by today and see how inexpen- sive a high-quality mower can be. wwn,deere, corn Grant Co. S. Hwy. 15, Milbank, 5D :i.