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The Ortonville Independent
Ortonville, Minnesota
June 22, 1922     The Ortonville Independent
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June 22, 1922

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PAGE 6 rile ORTONVILLE INDEPENDENT THURSDAY, JUNE 22, [County Officers and What They Do[ Prepared by Minnesota League of Women Voters. County Commissioners. The chief governing body of the ounty is the Board of Cou.ty Com- missioners consisting, in all except St. Louis and Ramsey comities, of five members, ead elected from a division Lhe zounty c'alled a commissioner .district. This b,.,alx| has very exten- We powers, largely financial, and all roters should be thoroly familiar with its duties and proceedings. The Board levies taxes, adjusts tompfaints, and examines all claims made against the county. It has hage of all the properties of the r.ouny and directs the management f uch institutions as the poor farm, iail, courthouse, etc. The upkeep of roads aud bridges within the county is another important responsibility. In the fieht of public health the board in most counties has many duties. It may appoint a county health officer, vote ,money to build hospitals, send residents to the state tuberculosis anitaxia at county expense, and at the time of epidemics order the quar- routine of the localities affected. It may vote to employ a county public ,.alth nurse, and in counties where tke is a child welfare board one of like eunty commissioners must act as a member. Many other miscellaneous but im- lmrtant duties must be performed by tle oard of county eom.m!ssioners. I salary of the comnussloners is I by statute according to the as-] aed valuation, population, and the I lm*v/er of townshipg contained in he I ,anties in which they serve, ,so" that Uhe amount varies from $125 a year i aaller counties to $3,000 in Henne- i 1tin county. To this is added a limited allowance for traveling expenses. The t ]hard elects its own chairman and ,chaiTaan, and the county auditor *ts as clerk and keeps a record of its itroccedir, gs. Yhe powers exercised by the corn: missioners are no entirely uniform "n 811 counties, as they depend upon leg- idatve enactraents which differ some-, bat for the various counties accord-i ig to their wealth and population, i ]Rawever, the variat-)ns, are compara- J :.liely slight, and in all cases the. \\;ard acts as a policy-making body in! unty affairs and has the disposition td cal of ccunty property. Auditor. ]gesfdes acting as clerk for the ]ard of County Commissioners the mditor has many importmt responsi- . kities which call for a high .order of IBiness training and devotion to dty. Primarily the audito acts as Iokkeeper for the cotmty. He super- t the work of all the assessors] udthin the county, computes the rate t taxation according to the amounts ated by the various towns, school' Kftricts, etc., and conducts sales of mperty owhich taxes have become dzlinque,nt. He issues all warrants for moneys to be paid out of the coun- g treasury, anti prepares a yearly fi- ncial report. His books are per- ]lically examined by the State Public Examiner who reports his findings to Ihe Board of County Commissioners. The auditor has many duties in con-I etion with elections. All county balIot and primary election ballots e prepared by him, and at general t ections the state ballots prepared by' [e secretary of state are distributed y him to he local officials. He acts z chairman of he county canvassing lmar(t, and one cop)" of the return for fl districts within the county must fe riled in his office. Licenseu of various kinds are is- ned from the auditor's offices, in- cluding hunter's licenses. Treasurer. The treasurer, is the receiving and sbursing officer for the county. He receives all. taxes raised within the county for all purposes, and distrib- utes them according to the established lax rates. He also collects arid re- ceives money due from fees, penal- ties, and sales, and all money to be uaed within the county as state aid. lie pays money out only upon war- nnt of the auditor and may deposit xavney only in banks in depositaries pproved by the County Board of Audit of which he is a member. Register of Deeds. The register of deeds acts as the ecording officer for all instruments lating o the ransfer of real estate. He also records the bonds by public officials and the plats of cities and tillages ihin the county, and since 1913 chattel mortgages and all pa- pers involving a lien on private prop- erty have been filed in his office. All papers received for purposes of record mmt be c@ied word for word, texed, entered into the proper rec- ord books, and carefully eopared. All his involves an enormous amount of lerical work which must be done faithfully and accurately in order that owners may be protected in their titles and claims upon property. Sheriff. The sheriff is charged with the en- forcement of state laws within the aanty and for the keeping of the jmace. He must execute all processes gd writs issued on lawful authority, Imrsue and arrest persons charged crimes and misdemeanors, and ttend the sessions of the district :-tL tie rs the custody of all pcr- .... - charged with breaKmg the la ,i tncy are released on bail or born!. ,: u,teti or convicted and sent else- where for punishment, and he is re- sponsible for conveying al persons committed to the various state institu- tions. This includes the insane as well as the delinquent. Attorney. The attorney is the legal officer fo the county, required to give opinions and advice on legal matters to the county commissioners and to other of- ricers of the county on request. He assembles witnesses and evidence to be presented to the Grand Jury to en- able that body to return indictments against persons accused of crime, and later prosecutes the eases before the district Court. He appears before the Probate Court to protect the interests of persons alleged to be insane when commitment proceedings are being held. He institutes civil actions for the collection of damages sustained by the county, institutes and prose- cutes action for the abatment of premises used for purposes of prosti- tution or for the manufacture and sale of intoxicating liquor. Surveyor, Besides making surveys on order of the" proper authorities n order to settle disputes affecting property lines, the surveyor makes surveys for all county improvements and has con- siderable authority over all ditch- work and road work, in ame counties acting as engineer of highways. In this capacity he reports monthly to the County Board and to the State Highway Commissioner on the condi- tion of the roads within the county, approves contractors' esmates for roadwork before they are passed on by the Board, and also bills for ma- terial and labor employed in the up- keep of roads and bridges. i Coroner, The prh:cipal duty of the coroner is to investigate all cases of violent cr mysterious deaths. This may in- volve'the performing of post--mortem examinations and, where foul play is suspected, the immediate summoning of a special coroner's jury and holding of an inquest to establish t- cause of death, and pass on any available evidence for use in subsequent prose- cutions. The coroner has charge of the personal propey of the person ti:us deceased until it can be turned over to the rightful owner. The cor- :-i" acts as sheriff in case of vacancy :.a that office. The County, Tke county is the largest of the units into which the tate is divided for purposes of a&ministration. Al! new counties are organized by action of the state legislature, but after they are once established no charge may be made in their boundaries nor in the site of the county seat except on approval of the voters living within the territory affected. Any city con- :aining a population of 20,000 inhabi- tants may be organized into a sep- t'ate county if a majority, of the voters in the county to which it be longs favor the separate organiza- tion. Otherwise no county may con- rain less than four hundred square miles, and most of our counties con- tain a much greater area, especially those in the northern and more sparsely populated part of the state where the largest of them, St. I tuis ccunty, has a territory of more than six thousand miles square. It would be a mistake to think of the county as bearing the same rela- tion to the state that the state bears to the nation as a whole. Every state has broad powers of its own, called "sovereign" pwem, over whidh the government at Washington exercises no control whatever and could no cancel if it would. The county, on the other hand, derives all its powers from :he state, and a mere act of the state legislature is all that is required to cancel or mend them. In most of its activities the county really acts as an agency of the state government, and it is a most import- ant factor in seeing that state laws are enforced. County officers are re- sponsible for seeing that the laws of tie state are carried out, and the gov- ernor has power to remove them if they fail to do so. A great deal of the administrative work of the state is carried out thru the county unit, and a. very large part of the direct taxes raised by the state are paid back to be disbursed thru the county treasuries for various purposes, the g'eneral school fund apportionment, for eample, state aid to schools, to couuty sarmtariums, agriculal fairs, road building, etc. I n  r e c e n t years the passage of laws for county chih! welfare boards, county hospitals, caunty libraries, county public health nurses, etc., has greatly increased the number of governmental activities carried out thru the county unit and made the county a much more vital and social force in the life of its citi- zens. The county is recognized by law as a "body politic and corporate" with power to sue and be sued, to acquire and hold property for its own uses, and to ma  contactS. Pmctllly all county officers thruout the state are DP. ROY SMITH. \\; At Chau'.auqua Park, Tuesday, July 4, 1922, at 2:30 p. m, Few American pastors are more widely sought or lecture engagements. During the past year he has given some 600 addresses in addition to iis church work. to be elected this year to serve for four-year reigns. The candiidates, two for each office, are nominated at the primary election (June -9) on an tmpartisan ballot, and the contest be- tween them is settled by majority vote at the November election. The officers to be elected include county commis- sioners, attorney, auditor, treasurer, register of deeds, sheriff, coroner, sur- veyor, superintendent of schools,, clerk of court, and court commissioner. This makes a very long ballot and many people feel that if the ballot were shortened some of these of- ricers appointed rather than elected it would be very much easier to vote in- telligently and therefore make coun- ty government more responsive to public opinion. Overhead lapense On HiCnways Low Minnesota" Highway-Department Sets Mark of 5 Per Cent, Against 7 In Average State. Seven per cent overhead expenses .reported by highway departments in many other states and aiong well- managed private business concerns, the Minnesota highway department operated during the first year of the Babcock program recently ended at slightly over 5 per cent for adminis- tration, engineering, superintendence and all other charges to general over- head* That is the showing of official fig- ures in the highway bulletin this week. It was given out, highway of- ficials said, upon inquiries indicating that false reports that much of the automobile and other funds never wen on he roads are again being circulated. "The figures are official state rec- ords and there is. no going behind them," said ft. T. Eltison, assistant state highway commissioner, "and the department naturally takes pride on this favorable comparison with the records ,made by the average high- way commission and private enter- prise. "Headquarters expenses, salaries of executives and emplo'ees here, the building rental and general office ex- penses, are more than covered by the $150,000 annual fund for administra- tion, but the approximate 5 per cent takes in surveying, engineering and all other items, of general expense. "Overhead on new construction averages about 6 per cent in Minne- sota-3 per cent for surveys and plans and 3 per cent for superinten- dence on the work. Maintenance su- pervision figures about 3 per cent. That the average is a trifle over rive per cent is due to the use of the big- gest part of funds for new construe- ion carrying the higher rata." Centralization of general oPerations in the new building rented by the highway department in St. Paul, the @ @ I LEGAL NOTICES t @ @ Citation for Hearing on Petition for Administration. Estate of J. It. Jenkins. STATE OF MINNESOTA, County of Big Stone. In Pxobate Court. In the ,matter of the Estate of J. R. Jenkins, Decedent. he state of Minnesota, to Evelyn F. Jenkins, Corn S. Sturges, and all persons interested in the granting of administration of the estate of said decedent: The petition of Evelyn F. Jenkins hahng been filed in this Court, representing that J. R. Jenkins, then a resident of the County of Big Stone, State of Minnesota, died inte- state on .the 2nd day of June, 1922, and praying that letters of adminis- tration of his estate be granted to A. H. Sturges, and the Court, having fixed the time and place for heating said petition: Therefore, you and each of you are hereby cited and re- quired to show cause, if any you have, before this Court at the Probate Court Rooms in the Court House, in the city of Ortonville, in the county of Big Stone, state of Minnesota, on the 3rd day of July, 1922, at 10:00 o'clock a m., why sid petition should ngt be granted. Witness, the Judge of said and eal of said Court, this  day of June, 1922. (Court Seal) It. B, HUDSON ata Jta- (First Pub. Jtme 8 3w)] fffi ='.!: said, :mkes posib'.e a goedi sha:e of the reduction in overhead ex- pel,,,, One da"-.a teacher was hang a did:'t tell any tories." first grade c!h. in physiology. She "Only the one you put me up *o,"il asked thmn if they knew that there said her young hopeful. I was a buLin.,. fie in the bcd.v all of "Why what de you mean, child?" i the time. One little girl spole up "When she asked me if I'd like tc i ap.d said: ihave another piece of cake, I said, l "Yes's; when it is a cold day I i'No, thank you; I've had enough'. , C2I see tl]o ,'Ao e. l { Order that Mimeograph paper --Read the zds every week. i from the Independent. I A little fellow scored neatly on his! mother the other day. "I hope dear,' t " i Professional and she said, "you were a nice little bovl Business Directory while you were at Mrs. Brown's and i , Ortonville Electric Shop EVERYTHING ELECTRICAL Phone 49 for promp* and efficient servloe S. A. BARR, Proprietor. Good News in Every Bank Book Small though the Bank Book is, if you practice Thrift, it will ahvays hold more good news for you than even the daily news. It will ahvays bring a smile and strengthen your hopes of a prosperous future. If you want an incentive, just take what few dollars you can spare this week, bring them to us and start a Savings Account. We will add interest. ORTONVILLE STATE BANK John Carlson, President. {2. J. Stark, Cashier. H.A. Stueke, A't. Cashier. FRESHNESS RESTORED Our dry daning process restores all the alluring freshness that made your gown so attractive when new. Where there was once dull color and a hint of completed usefulness we restore a dash of living color and months more of wear. Our re- sults will positively please you. Send us that last year's dress for a trial i ii | "Great Leaders \\; ALTHOUGH-- often reded by his political enemies while he lived, Lincoln now stands out like a giant among the men of his time for his sincerity of tmul and devotion to what he believed was right. Are the result of a sincere  to build a better tire, a tire that will give longer milee, a "tire that wiff give you more for your money. Built with-a 8ttrdy strength that carries them over or through all kinds of roads in all kinds of weather. Lincoln never compromised a matter of principle. The makers of Brunswick Tires have never com- promised on materials or work- manship. Try Brunswick Tires. Keep your own rord of their per- formance. Judge by resulta only. And you will: alway8 use them. Ortonville Tire Shop Greenville, DR. CHAS. H. CARL VETERINARIAN Phones--Day 31, Night 51 Clinton Mirm DR. A. M. STROM Graduate Veterinarian Office in Win. Cummens Bldg. Tel. 79 Ortonville, BELVA KAERCHER TEACHER OF PIANO AND HARMONY OrtonviUe FOR TRUCK and any kind of light All Orders Given Prompt Haauer Bros. PHONE 268 DR. F. W. DUNN CHIROPRACTOR D- D. WHITE, D. C PH. C. SpinosTIpher 12-1-14-I-16 Shumaker Building Ornvil 4" CoL Wm. Wellendorg AUCTIONEER Thirty m's" experience. No on your ProPrtlv. Call or write and get in on an early date. OrtonviHe @ COL. J. W. BK Real Estete, Mordtandi, Pure Brl and Pnrm Sai A Specialty For dates write me at Ortonville Graduate of Jone Auction School J. A. JOHNSON PIANO TUNING AND REPAIRING PHONES--Res. 194, Furn. Store 88 All Work Guaranteed OrtonviIlo KODAK .EVE00.P,NO PRINTING ENLARGING Prompt, Quality Servlre, Moderate THE REED STUDIO DR. R.D. OSTEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN One Block up hill from Gunderm's Store Vapor-Sulphur Cabinet Treetmen (For Rheumatism, neuritis, etc.) F. L. BROWN HE JEWELER Orton411e @ C. E. SIGLOH [0R [XP[RT SERVICE WrRING REPAIRING PHONE 25-L Ortonlle @ MIRRORS RESILVERED All Work Guaranteed UNIQUE SIGN SHOP Clinton, Minn. JOE BAYER & SON Of the Ortonvil]e Tllotiaz Co., All kinds of Cleaning and Pr neatl done Salt8 Ma to Order OrtonaRlo @ JOHN SPANYERS Llgkt  of all Expre and Ba TeLephone 287 Ortonville.