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The Ortonville Independent
Ortonville, Minnesota
October 22, 2002     The Ortonville Independent
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October 22, 2002

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dal Year for 4-H ...... Co. 4-H Recognizes Generation 4-H Families • • .. v !RATION BIG STONE COUNTY 4-H'ERS and their parents are pictured during the ght festivities at Clinton October 6 - during 4-H Week. Current 4-H members, who have a t background are pictured, with certificates, Mark Farwell, Seth Maas, Shane Maas, Isaac re pictured with their siblines, parents and grandparents - who were also 4-H members: ht: Lisa Farwell, Deb Farwel, Sheila Krueger, Shirley Skoog, Holly Krueger, Irma Krueger, Barb Maas, Sarah Maas, Abby Knutson, Eldon Knutson, Aaron Knutson, Carol Knutson, V-rgil Knutson and Levon Gerber. See story inside this issue. GENERATION 4-H MEMBERS were recognized at ent Night held October 6 at Clinton. In observance niversary of the 4-H Program, 4-H families involved in years were recognized. Two Bi Stone County 4- involved for four generations. Current members, eft, a member of Toq roopers; and Ashley Johnson, of Clever Clovers d parents, grandparents and involved in 4-H. Their story is told inside this issue. is his mother, Luann Kleindl; pictured with Ashley € and Earl Johnson. to the editor of procrastination he Big Stone City second time - action on a viscous second formal In the form of a twelve (12) people ts SAFE AND NOT in city hall long table is SAFE AND behind his ten miles down ice officer is SAFE in his rive vehicle - you has the words "to on the side. Those of us who live in the neighborhood could possibly be SAFE AND NOT THREATENED, TOO, if we • stayed in our vehicles and never WALKED on the street (for which we pay taxes) where the dog in question lives • never visited relatives and neighbors in the vicinity • never tried to carry on normal life in an non-threatening atmosphere. HELLO!! Is our only hope here that the dog will follow the lead of the Council and - take no action?'?? Janette Lamberton 457 Sibley Street + Big Stone City, SD 57216 605-862-6003 okay little buddy• I'll take Progressive so yo u can see where you're going!" ! Iorden Roggenbuck with his Uncle Al's pony. your broken windshields to zve Collision & Glass! RESSIVE & GLASS CENTER, INC. Steve and Linda Roggenbuck Street * Ortonville, MN 278 • (320) 839-2255 CALL TOLL FREE 888-819-2255 Extension I ! Jody DeJong-Hughes Regional Extension Educator Ag Production Systems-Crops & Soils Fertility West Central Research and Outreach Center Morris, MN 320/589-1711 CAN SUBSOILING INCREASE CROP YIELDS IN MINNESOTA? Every so often there is interest about subsoiling that is initiated by a favorable report from some locality. But can that local report be applied to our Minn'esota glacial till soils? Subsoiling is a very aggressive tillage operation that breaks up the soil usually to a depth of 12-18 inches. The theory behind subsoiling is to shatter a compacted layer deep in the soil to allow increased water movement, better aeration, and access to additional nutrients for plant growth. Heavy equipment and tillage implements can damage the soil .structure. Soil structure is important because it determines the ability of a soil to hold and conduct water, nutrients, and air necessary for plant growth and is the number one defense against soil compaction. There has been a great deal of research conducted on deep plowing with the goal of alleviating subsoil compaction. The results are mixed. A majority of research conducted in the Midwest, has reported no change or a decrease in yield due to the effects of subsoiling. As early as the 1 950's, Midwest researchers were seeing no effect or negative effects from subsoiling. Later, research in Iowa reported no meaningful changes in corn production. They found that subsoiling at a depth of 24 inches decreased the corn yield by 9.7 bushels the first year and 6.4 bushels per acre the following year. There has been extensive soil compaction research conducted in Southern Minnesota by Ward Voorhees of the USDA/ARS Soils Laboratory. Results of a Waseca study reported that subsoiling to a depth of 16 inches failed to increase yields for -neither corn or soybeans and decreased corn yield 11 bushels per acre in one of the two years. One reason why subsoiling fails to increase crop yield, may be due to unfavorable soft monsture conditions at the time of subsoiling. If the soil is wet, subsoiling will be ineffective. To achieve effective subsoiling the operator must be certain the soil is fracturing to the depth of the shank. If the shank is reaching a depth of 18 inches it is very difficult to determine if the soil is shattering at that depth. Another reason for the failure of subsoiling to increase crop yield is that subsequent wheel traffic can recompact the loosened soil. Loosened subsoil has very little bearing capacity, meaning it can't support much weight. Johnson and Voorhees discovered that an ordinary 2-wbeel drive tractor, that weighed less than 5 ton an axle, was sufficiently heavy enough to recompact the loosened soil down to a depth of 16 inches. For that reason, controlled traffic becomes an important management tool. When a farmer has confirmed that his field has a compacted layer, he should consider the following steps to increase the chance of obtaining beneficial effects from subsoiling, 1.) When subsoiling, make sure the soil is dry and fractures to the depth of the shank, and 2.) Avoid recompacting loosened soil by using the controlled traffic concept. Otherwise, the fuel, time, and increased horsepower that are needed to reach extreme soil depths will not be economical for the farmer. Extension Kari Beran Regional Extension Educator, Health & Nutrition Stevens County Extension Service 10 E Hwy 28, Suite 1 Morris, MN 56267 320 589-7423 A LIFETIME OF FUN AND FITNESS What do you think7 Is slowing down and poor health a normal   part of aging, or i are they the ; result of inactivity,. disease and poor nutrition? While there is a little truth in both ,/ statements, health problems can often be helped, and even reversed, by making behavior changes. Becoming more physically active is one of the best things you can do for your health. According to Gail Carlson, MPH, PhD from the University of Missouri- Columbia, physical activity can reduce your risk of heart disease, adult-onset diabetes, arthritis, hypertension, certain cancers, and osteoporosis. It contributes to decreased blood pressure, better sleep, and increased metabolism. It also eases tension and reduces stress. You may want to consider these ideas to help you get started and stay at it: • Make it fun -- start with things you like to do, for example dance or walk your dog. Focus on the "I want to do" rather than "I should do." • Think beyond endurance -- endurance increases your breathing and heart rate, so helps improve the health of your heart, lungs, and circulatory system. You should also include in your activity items to build muscle, maintain strength and flexibility, and improve balance. These activities help prevent osteoporosis, keep blood pressure in check, slow down the development of arthritis and help prevent falls, a common cause of disability and death. • Just move -- make movement a natural part of your life just like brushing your teeth? Whenever possible MOVE, all forms of activity contribute to your overall flexibility, fitness and health. It may be walking the stairs, washing the car by hand or vacuuming. It may even be just getting up regularly from your desk to walk around it or down the hallway. • Stay at it -- your goal is to improve whatever you are at right now. Start slowly and increase the time and intensity of your activity a little bit at a time. Current public health recommendations for physical activity are for 30 minutes of moderate intensity activity on most days, if not all days, which provides substantial health benefits for the 40-50 million sedentary adults in the United States. You can break this time up into 10- minute sessions, but be sure to add up to 30 minutes in the day. In a new report it is recommend that adults try to build up to 60 minutes of moderate intensity activity per day, which may also reduce the risk of weight gain over time and will provide additional health benefits beyond 30 minutes of activity per day. If you can't reach even the 30 minutes, remember every little bit helps your health. i Krdeger B Stone County m|ssloner 2nd District "I will continue to ded!cate i fuilaftention to rll:lTiOrli::ll_ Oualitv Education • Equity in funding • Local control Senior Citizens • A growing population in rural Minnesota • A strong voice for seniors in the Legislature Affordable Hfalthcare • Access to high quality care • Equity for rural MN in medical and nursing home reimbursements Bu in rowth riculture • Create a business friendly Minnesota for employment growth • Protect our family farms from government over-regulation and high taxes. The Next Stage" IRAs, Stocks, Annuities CD, Mutual Funds Checking only scratches the surface of what we can do for you. Whatever your financial goals, we have the products to meet your needs- like CDs, the Almost CD" Account and the Wells Fargo Portfolio Management Account" (PMA'). And from Wells Fargo Investments - Mutual Funds, IRAs, Annuities, Online Brokerage, Stocks, Bonds and more. Plus, we have knowledgeable and caring people who can find the right products to help you reach your goals. Talk to one of our representatives today at a convenient location near you, visit us at or call 1-800-TO-WELLS to find out how we can help you get to your next stage of success. t I I • Are NOT insured by the FDIC of any federal government ageflcy D'e NOT deposits of or guaranteed by the Bank or any Bank aliate • May lose value Inveslmen! products and brokerage services ale available through Wells Fargo Investment,;, !.LC (mgrnber NYSE/SIPC), a non-bank affiliate of Wett, Fargo & Company. I 2OO2 INDEPENDENT Page 3